Blood pressure reading

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The only way to know if your blood pressure is high or low is to measure your blood pressure. Understanding the results is the key to controlling your blood pressure.

  • Systolic blood pressure (First or top number) — Maximum pressure in the arteries at the moment when the heart is compressed and pushes blood in artery.
  • Diastolic blood pressure (Second or lower number) — Shows pressure in the arteries at the time of the relaxation of the heart muscle, it reflects the resistance of peripheral vessels.

What number is more important?

Usually more attention is paid to systolic arterial pressure (first number) as the main risk factor of cardiovascular diseases for people over 50 years. In most people, systolic blood pressure is steadily rising with age due to the loss of the elasticity of large arteries, increasing the frequency of heart rate and the development of vascular diseases.

However, the elevated systolic or increased value of diastolic blood pressure can be used to form a diagnosis of high blood pressure. The risk of death from the ischemic heart disease and stroke doubles with an increase in systolic pressure on 20 mmHg or diastolic on 10 mmHg Among people aged 40 to 89 years.

Blood pressure ranges

We adhere to the norms of the European Society for the study of hypertension which set the following ranges of numbers:

  • Normal – Healthy systolic less pressure 120-129 mmHg, diastolic hell less than 80-85 mmHg
  • High normal – Systolic blood pressure 130-139 mmHg, Diastolic blood pressure 85-89 mmHg
  • 1 degree – 140-159 / 90-99 mmHg
  • 2 degree – 160-179 / 100-109 mmHg
  • 3 degree – more than 180/110 mmHg

Note: The diagnosis must be confirmed by the doctor. Hypertension – This is a disease or diagnosis, and hypertension – The fact of pressure increase. The doctor can also appreciate any unusually low blood pressure and symptoms associated with it.

Normal pressure

  • Optimal hell — Garden less than 120 mmHg and / or DDa less than 80 mmHg
  • Normal hell — Pressure in the range Garden 120–129 mmHg and / or DD 80–84 mmHg

If your results fall into this category, stick to the heart of habits, such as a balanced diet and regular exercises.

High blood pressure

Elevated blood pressure is when the readings are consistently above 140 mmHg for systolic and more than 90 mmHg for diastolic. Measures should be taken to control this condition.

Hypertension 1 degree

Stage I hypertension is when the blood pressure is constantly fluctuating systolic between 140-159 and/or diastolic above 90-99 mmHg. At this stage of high blood pressure, doctors may recommend lifestyle changes and consider taking blood pressure medications. Further action depends on your risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as heart attack or stroke, and risk factors.

Hypertension 2 and 3 degrees

2 The stages of hypertension are when the blood pressure is at or above 160/100 mmHg all the time. In these stages of high blood pressure, doctors may prescribe a combination of blood pressure medications and recommend immediate lifestyle changes.

Hypertensive crisis

This stage of high blood pressure requires medical care. If your arterial pressure testimony suddenly exceeds 180/120 mmHg, Wait five minutes, and then check the blood pressure again. If your indicators are still unusually high, consult a doctor immediately. Perhaps you have hypertensive crisis.

If your blood pressure is above 180/120 mmHg and you are experiencing signs of possible organ damage such as chest pain, shortness of breath, back pain, numbness/weakness, changes or difficulty seeing, do not expect your blood pressure to decrease. Call an ambulance.

Symptoms of reduced pressure

Most doctors consider chronic low blood pressure dangerous only if it causes noticeable signs and symptoms, such as:

  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Fainting
  • Dehydration and unusual thirst
  • Lack of concentration
  • Blurred vision
  • Cold, sticky, pale leather
  • Student breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Depression

A single deviation of pressure indicators from the norm is not a reason for concern, unless you experience any other symptoms.

Why arterial pressure is measured in mmHg

Abbreviation mmHg means millimeters of mercury pillar. Mercury was used in the first accurate manometers, and the unit of measure is still used in medicine as a standard unit for measuring pressure.