Blood pressure

Hypertension: what is it, at what age does it occur, when to worry and go to the doctor

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Arterial hypertension (high blood pressure) is widespread throughout the world. In the UK, 40% of adults have high blood pressure, and only 21% are effectively treated.

What is hypertension?

You may be considered hypertensive if a doctor records an increase in blood pressure in at least 3 follow-up blood pressure measurements.

Normally, the pressure value may fluctuate depending on your condition: it may increase during physical or mental stress and decrease while you are sleeping. However, blood pressure returns to normal values from 100.

Symptoms of hypertension

The main symptom of hypertension is a headache. This occurs because of constriction, spasm of cerebral blood vessels. Also frequent symptoms of hypertension:

  • Tinnitus
  • Flying «Flickers» And a swelling in front of the eyes
  • General weakness
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Dizziness
  • Feeling of heaviness in the head
  • Strong palpitations

These symptoms occur in the early stage of hypertension and are neurotic in nature. In a later stage of hypertension, heart failure may occur due to constant overexertion of the heart muscle because of the high pressure.

Due to the progression of the painful process it is possible to reduce the visual acuity, the lesion of blood vessels in the brain from high blood pressure, it may lead in some cases to paralysis, decreased sensitivity of the limbs, which occurs due to vasospasm, hemorrhage or thrombosis.

Causes of hypertension

If the cause of the increase in blood pressure is not identified, they speak of primary (essential) hypertension, or hypertension. In its development play a role:

  • Hereditary predisposition
  • Chronic stress
  • The amount of salt consumed
  • Low physical activity, etc.
  • In women, hypertension can be caused by the restructuring of the body during menopause

The underlying cause in each case is difficult to determine, since most people diagnosed with hypertension are exposed to several risk factors that contribute to the increase in blood pressure.

Up to 5% of arterial hypertensions are secondary (symptomatic), that is, caused by certain causes. The most frequent causes of high blood pressure are renal pathology, endocrine pathology, or major vascular abnormalities.

Examination of patients aims at excluding secondary causes of high blood pressure, as sometimes these causes can be eliminated or they require specific treatment.

In addition, the examination clarifies changes in organs and systems caused by arterial hypertension itself. High blood pressure leads to changes in the heart, kidneys, brain vessels, ocular vessels. Such examinations should be performed regularly, at least once a year.

The level of arterial hypertension and target organ damage determine the risk of cardiovascular complications. Depending on the degree of risk, treatment options range from lifestyle changes, dietary habits, and weight loss to the immediate initiation of drug therapy.

It is important to monitor your blood pressure not only at your doctor’s office, but also on your own.

How to measure your blood pressure?

How blood pressure should be measured:

  • Blood pressure should be measured at rest, after a 5-minute rest, sitting
  • Tonometer cuff should be at heart level with its lower edge – 2 cm above the elbow
  • The blood pressure should be measured every day, recording the data in the diary of blood pressure

Treatment of Hypertension

A blood pressure control program consists of lifestyle changes and drug therapy. Lifestyle changes involve:

  • Regular physical activity of up to 30 minutes a day
  • Eating a low-calorie diet and losing weight
  • Reducing salt intake
  • Limiting alcohol consumption
  • Reducing the intake of saturated fatty acids and foods rich in cholesterol
  • Increase fruit intake
  • Stop smoking

Drug therapy is prescribed immediately if the level of high blood pressure is high. Most patients need to take 2 or more medications.

Treatment of patients with arterial hypertension is carried out continuously, since its cancellation will lead to a rise in blood pressure again.

Posted by Dr.Pressurs in High blood pressure (Hypertension)

With what pressure you need to call an ambulance

With what pressure should I call an ambulance?

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At elevated pressure of hypertensis often suffer from nausea, headaches and sensations «Mushhek» In eyes. This pathology and complications that it provokes, in most cases, become the cause of death and disability. Therefore, it is necessary to know with what pressure level should be called an ambulance.

If blood pressure rose to 110-139 / 70-89 mmHg, It does not have critical consequences. Will be sufficient to lie down and lead yourself in a calm condition.

When the tonometer shows higher values, namely more than 140/90 mmHg, need to start conducting pressure reduction procedures.

If the patient is at home, it is necessary:

  • Turn off bright light,
  • Install silence,
  • eliminate strong flavors and other stimuli.

Dangerous arterial pressure indicators are considered to be the numbers above 160/95 mmHg. In this case, you should call an ambulance and adopt hypotensive.

If a sick person feels very bad, ambulance must be called immediately, since hypertension is the cause of stroke and other serious complications.

High pressure often causes death and serious irreversible consequences for the health of the patient. It is necessary to know each hypertension, as well as what signs indicate the hemorrhage.

First aid at high pressure quite simple, It can be practically anyone. Hypertensive, which are sick for a long time, can cope with such pressure on their own, but if the state has arisen for the first time, it is necessary to immediately cause ambulance.

First of all, doctors recommend calming down. Man needs to be seated or put with a raised head. It is necessary to measure pressure and make this procedure every 15 minutes. The patient should remove the shy objects of clothing, for example:

1. Unbutton collar,
2. Loosen tie,
3. Remove belt.

It should also provide the influx of fresh and cool air. The patient needs to do slow deep outways and breathy. A distracting therapy performs an app to the icters and the footsteps of the heating floor or a hot foot bath.

This article is exclusively advisory.

Posted by Dr.Pressurs in Blood pressure

Prevention and treatment of hypertension

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Hypertension is a state of the body when the blood vessels constantly experience an increased blood pressure: the systolic blood pressure is equal or higher than 140 mm Hg and/or the diastolic blood pressure is equal or higher than 90 mm Hg.

A diagnosis of hypertension is made if their systolic blood pressure is equal to or greater than 140 mmHg on both days and/or their diastolic blood pressure is equal to or greater than 90 mmHg on both days, as measured on two different days. The danger of this condition is the risk of damage to the heart or blood vessels in other organs, such as the brain and kidneys.

Uncontrolled hypertension can lead to heart attack, enlargement of the heart, and eventually heart failure. Blood vessels can develop enlargements (aneurysms) and vulnerable places where blood vessels are more likely to clog and rupture. Blood vessel pressure can lead to cerebral hemorrhage and stroke. Hypertension can also lead to kidney failure, blindness, and cognitive impairment.

Hypertension has been called the "silent killer.". Most hypertensive patients are not even aware of the problem, because hypertension often gives no warning signs and is asymptomatic.

We offer all to use the medical program Cardiodiagnostic to assess the condition of your cardiovascular system and to get consultations of all necessary specialists.

Risk factors for hypertension

Stress, mental and mental overwork

Studies show that hypertension is more likely to people whose life activity is connected with constant nervous overstrain. For example, residents of large metropolitan areas have hypertension much more often than people who live in rural areas.

Hypertension and stress are inextricably linked, so both conditions need to be treated.

Every fourth man and every fifth woman in the world has high blood pressure

Studies show that hypertension is more common in people whose life activity is connected with constant nervous overstrain. For example, the inhabitants of large metropolitan areas have hypertension much more often than people who live in rural areas.
Hypertension and stress are inextricably linked, so treat both conditions.

Complications of hypertension cause 9.4 million annual deaths worldwide (WHO)

Hypodynamia

Hypodynamia – is a decrease in muscular exertion due to sedentary lifestyle. The modern urban dweller does little physical work, prefers to use motor transport even for short distances instead of walking, and spends his/her free time near a computer or watching TV. Only 1% do recreational sports and 5% do morning exercises.

As a consequence, this lifestyle leads to significant changes in all life-supporting systems of the body, especially the cardiovascular and nervous systems.

The combination of physical inactivity and stress makes people extremely vulnerable to hypertension and its complications. The adrenaline produced during stress stimulates the production of glucocorticoids, which in turn stimulate a rise in blood sugar and an increase in blood pressure.

In a restless body, adrenaline and sugar, instead of being "burned" by the release of energy, remain in the blood vessels for a long time and lead not only to a prolonged high blood pressure, but also to heart attacks and strokes.

Overweight

To determine whether or not you are overweight, the body mass index is used. It is calculated as the ratio of body weight in kilograms to the square of the height in meters. If the result is more than 25 kg/square kilograms per square meter.m in the young and 27 kg/sq m.m in older individuals, but does not exceed 30 kg/sq.m , it means that overweight is. If the index is more than 30 kg/square kilograms per square meter, the body mass index is calculated as the sum of the body weight in kilograms per square meter.In the case of hypertension, we are talking about clinically pronounced obesity.

More than half of hypertensive patients are obese.

Obesity is a chronic metabolic disease in which there is an accumulation of excess fat in adipose tissue.

Numerous scientific studies have proved that the reduction of excessive fat mass by 5-10% leads to a decrease in high blood pressure, and improve control of the disease.

Other risk factors

Unhealthy diets – excessive salt intake, high levels of saturated fats and trans fats in food, inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables. As well as tobacco and alcohol use.

Uncontrollable risk factors include hereditary predisposition, age, and comorbidities such as diabetes or kidney disease.

Preventing Hypertension

Every adult should monitor their blood pressure. In cases of high blood pressure, consult a physician.

People with high blood pressure who also have high blood sugar, high blood cholesterol, or kidney problems are at increased risk for heart attack and stroke. Therefore, it is important to regularly check blood sugar levels, blood cholesterol levels, and urine protein levels.

To minimize the risk of developing high blood pressure and its adverse effects, everyone can take a number of specific steps:

Mental balance

Mental wellbeing and a positive emotional state are the prerequisites for good health. Which is especially important for hypertensive patients or those predisposed to develop it, t.к. Illness is directly related to inadequate stress response.

You should learn to manage stress in healthy ways, such as meditation, different kinds of psychotherapy and positive social contacts.

Physical activity

The second component of hypertension prevention is sufficient physical activity, without which we all suffer, in varying degrees, from the manifestations of hypodynamia.

For an urban dweller walking for at least 1 hour every day in a forest park area is optimal.

Patients with an already manifested disease should engage in therapeutic exercise.

Rational alternation of work and rest should be observed. Overwork of any type, both mental and physical, should be avoided.
A healthy physiological sleep, in which the body rests from all strain, is of great importance. Patients at the initial stage of hypertension should sleep at least 8-9 hours a day.

Healthy nutrition

In the prevention of hypertension, a proper diet or diet in clinically pronounced forms of the disease is of great importance.

Carbohydrates

Here you should give preference to vegetables and fruits, as it will receive a sufficient amount of fiber, vitamins and minerals.

Protein

When choosing proteins, avoid or limit meat products in favor of dairy and plant foods.

The total fat intake should be reduced. Try to replace animal fats with vegetable ones., Animal fats should be replaced with fish fats.

The cure for patients with hypertension can be a diet with a restriction of table salt. Not more than 5 grams (little less than a teaspoon) per day is allowed, which makes it easier to control blood pressure.

Maintain a normal weight

Reducing excess weight or treating obesity is the main factor that can lead to a satisfactory control of blood pressure and even in some cases to abandon the medication correction of the latter.

An effective means for the normalization of weight is diet therapy and different types of physical activity.

Giving up bad habits

If a person is inclined to drink alcohol in large doses, smokes, then the risk of hypertension increases many times.

Alcohol consumption promotes spasm of peripheral blood vessels and an increase in pressure due to the growth of vascular resistance.

After smoking the level of cholesterol increases, which is caused by the adrenal glands receiving a large amount of adrenaline and noradrenaline. There is even a medical term – nicotine hypertension.

Physical methods of preventing the development and exacerbations of hypertension

Hydrotherapy

Hydrotherapy (hydrotherapy) – a powerful means of recovery, prevention and treatment of hypertension. Water can affect the body as a temperature, mechanical, or chemical stimulus, and the choice depends on the need for one or the other.

The temperature factor is the most important in the choice of hydrotherapy technique. The capillaries in the skin expand and contract in response to the various temperatures of the water. This either increases blood flow or decreases it. Cold water also slows or speeds up the heartbeat and raises the blood pressure. Hot water lowers your blood pressure, speeds up your heartbeat, and weakens your heartbeat

The most frequently used to prevent exacerbations of hypertension is water of indifferent temperature, which is shown with excessive nervous excitability, irritability, heart disorders, insomnia.

Hydrotherapy procedures are contraindicated in hypertensive stage III disease.

Before using water procedures as a treatment should consult a doctor.

In hypertension stages I-II use rain, dust and circular shower with indifferent or warm water with moderate force of pressure of water jets.

Baths can be general and local, with hypertension, they are used for therapeutic and preventive purposes. Medicinal baths for hypertension are limited to the use of pine extract.

Drug electrophoresis

It is an application of galvanic current for the purpose of intrathecal, non-invasive administration of various medicines. Under the influence of galvanic current, drug ions enter the skin and remain below the anode area, which creates a kind of a drug depot. The drug enters the bloodstream from them slowly enough, which increases the duration of its effect on the body. The body is also affected by the positive effects of galvanic current.

Electrophoresis is indicated in the initial stages of hypertension. It is contraindicated in stage III.Besides, contraindications are new growths, acute inflammatory processes of any localization, disorder of blood coagulability processes, strongly pronounced atherosclerosis, decompensated diseases of cardiovascular system, kidneys, pregnancy, individual intolerance of galvanic current.

Therapeutic exercise (LFK)

Therapeutic exercise is used at all stages of hypertension to prevent hypertensive crises and complications of the disease. It includes any available types of exercise – metered walking, morning gymnastics, walking distance, swimming.

The best method of prevention is morning gymnastics or exercises that help to prepare the organism for the working day, stimulates the processes of the nervous regulation of blood circulation and the reactivity of the vascular system in general.

If the disease has already developed, it is necessary to add to morning exercises a daily complex of therapeutic gymnastics.

Drug therapy

Selection of drugs for the treatment and prevention of exacerbations of hypertension should be performed only by a doctor.

Drug therapy becomes necessary already in the second stage of the disease, when the blood pressure reaches significant values in the regular measurement of.

The basic principle is Individual The selection of hypotensive drugs for each patient.

Posted by Dr.Pressurs in High blood pressure (Hypertension)

10 questions about hypertension. How to keep your blood pressure down, says cardiologist

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The questions are answered by McKenzie Cameron, M.D., cardiologist.

Reducing Risks

I feel perfectly well with my blood pressure of 145/90, but my daughter says I should see a doctor. Why, because it can be my working pressure?

Emma Connor, Stirling

Nowadays, such a concept as "working pressure" is no longer used, blood pressure can be either normal or elevated. Figures of 140 on 90 and above (and when measured at home – 135 on 85 and above) indicate hypertension. Elevated blood pressure can be normally tolerated, but even mild hypertension requires correction, as it is accompanied by an increase in cardiovascular risk. Treatment of hypertension includes both drug therapy and non-pharmacological measures – increasing the intake of fruits and vegetables, salt restriction, physical activity, quitting smoking and alcohol. With mild hypertension, only lifestyle changes may be enough to normalize your blood pressure.

Hypertension necessarily accompanies older age? Can it be avoided?

Isaac Clements, Cambridge

The prevalence of hypertension increases with age, reaching 60% or more in persons 60+. Still, not everyone develops hypertension. It is possible to avoid arterial hypertension by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and maintaining a normal body weight.

At a young age, hypertension is also common, but mostly its development is due to either hereditary predisposition (if a parent also suffered from it in his youth), or, more often, an unhealthy lifestyle.

One-off jumps in pressure (once every two or three months) are a reason to see a doctor?

Edward Walton, Lisburn

Hypertension may indeed be situational, for example, after a night duty without sleep, alcoholization the night before, against the background of psycho-emotional tension. In any case, you should visit your doctor for advice on how to lower your blood pressure. Before the visit, it is advisable to check the blood pressure level daily for 10 days by measuring it on one arm, twice each time at rest in the morning and in the evening and when you feel unwell, and record the figures in a diary.

Is it true that overweight can provoke hypertension?? And "overweight" is what?

Chelsea Nicholls, Wells

Of course! Overweight is one of the leading causes of arterial hypertension. For each kilogram of weight gain, the systolic (i.e. upper) blood pressure increases by 1 millimeter of mercury. The risk of hypertension begins to increase with a body mass index of 25 kg/m 2, at 30 kg/m 2 the risk already increases by two and a half times, and at 35 kg/m 2 – four times and higher. However, reducing weight to a normal weight can lead to complete normalization of blood pressure.

It should be noted that diets are not the best way to get rid of extra pounds, as they often lead to only short-term results and can cause health problems. For a long-term effect, it is important to constantly adhere to certain dietary restrictions and to reach a minimum weight that can then be maintained without much effort. On average, this is a loss of 5-10% of weight, i.e. two BMI units. This will result in significant improvements in health and does not require heroic efforts. It is better to lose five kilograms and to keep this result than to gain 30 kg by means of rigid diet.

You should start by reducing the caloric content of your diet by cutting down on sweets (first of all, do not add sugar to drinks), flour and fatty foods (mostly industrially processed meat products). It is desirable to eliminate alcohol, as it is very caloric. In addition, it is recommended to reduce the portion size. Usually it is enough to reduce the caloric content of the diet by 400 kcal to lose weight. If physical activity is increased, it is possible to reduce the deficit at the expense of nutrition. So, at an average walking pace it is possible to burn about 200 kcal per hour. Options to reduce 200 kcal from food – avoid mayonnaise in sandwiches, avoid desserts, replace sweet drinks with water. This will provide a smooth weight loss of about 2 kg per month with a loss of 5-10% of the original weight over a six-month period.

I have arterial hypertension, I take medications. The therapist recommends more movement, but I'm afraid I'll feel worse. It may be better to be at rest?

Alex Fleming, London

On the contrary, moderate dynamic (associated with movements in large muscle groups) physical activity, such as brisk walking, helps to dilate blood vessels and lower blood pressure. Regular physical activity can even lead to lower doses and amounts of medication taken. But it is not recommended to extend the motor mode if your blood pressure is very high – 180/110 and higher. In this case it is necessary to reduce the pressure with medication and only then expand physical activity.

If you get nervous, your blood pressure jumps. It turns out, not for the big words, they say that all diseases are caused by nerves..?

Katie Chapman, Starkville

High blood pressure is sometimes closely related to emotional outbursts, because the adrenal glands release hormones that cause vasospasm, which in turn causes high blood pressure. Anger outbursts are especially adverse to health. Therefore, for both prevention and treatment of arterial hypertension, it is important to keep emotions under control and learn to extinguish them in time.

Movement is life

Is it true that hypertension can lead to stroke?

Ditte T. Nissen, Las Vegas

Stroke and heart attack are the main complications of hypertension, because hypertension causes damage to blood vessels and the formation of plaques in them, which can block the lumen of blood vessels and cause formidable complications. Stroke is a blockage of blood vessels in the brain.
If hypertension is not treated, the risk of stroke, indeed, increases. But normalizing your blood pressure with the help of non-pharmacological and medicinal means will help avoid it. In a person who controls his hypertension, the risk of stroke is minimal.

I have periodic (once every two or three weeks) numbness in my left arm. Could this be a precursor to stroke??

Cornelio Fiorentino, London

Numbness of the hand is a symptom not only of stroke, but also a number of other diseases, in particular, of the cervical spine. But in order to find out the cause, of course, you need to see a doctor.

As for the symptoms of stroke, it is a sudden impairment of movement in the arm or leg, a sudden impairment of speech and facial asymmetry: skewness, inability to smile. And these symptoms may not be pronounced, in fact, only one of them may appear. The main risk factors for stroke are smoking, unhealthy diet, arterial hypertension, overweight, diabetes mellitus.

I know people who have fully recovered from a stroke, as well as those who have serious consequences. What the outcome of a stroke depends on?

Thea Olofsson, Midland

The outcome of a stroke depends on many factors, particularly the extent, location of brain damage, age and the presence of chronic diseases. And, very importantly, from getting timely treatment. As soon as blood circulation to the brain is disrupted, the cells begin to die. It is proved: the longer a vessel is closed by a thrombus, the more cells die. Consequently, the sooner help is given to open this vessel, the more likely it is that brain function will be restored. That is why it is so important to know the symptoms of stroke and if they appear, immediately call an ambulance, which will take the victim to a specialized hospital department.

They say that if a person has had a stroke, it will sooner or later be followed by a second. Is it so?

Gavin Black, Dallas

It is not necessary that there will be another stroke. Here much depends on the person who has had a stroke: whether he leads a healthy lifestyle, takes medications, follows the doctor's recommendations. To prevent recurrent stroke it is important to quit smoking, maintain a normal blood pressure, get rid of excess weight, take cholesterol-lowering and blood-thinning medications, stick to a Mediterranean diet and walk at least 30 minutes every day.

Posted by Dr.Pressurs in High blood pressure (Hypertension)

Diagnosis of arterial hypertension: basic rules

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Hypertension, or a persistent increase in blood pressure above 140/90, is one of the most dangerous pathological conditions. According to medical research, which covered more than 400 thousand people, an increase in diastolic blood pressure by 7.5 mmHg alone increases the risk of stroke over the next 10 years by 46%. How to detect an undetected pathology and what to pay attention to during diagnosis, we will tell in this article.

What symptoms talk about hypertension

Arterial hypertension is diagnosed by the main basis — Stable increase in pressure.

At the same time, there are also a number of non-specific accompanying symptoms, which may indicate this pathology:

  • Systematic headaches, mainly in the field of nape.
  • Sound pain in the heart.
  • Bleeding from nose.
  • Feeling heat; People with excess body — sweating, riding.
  • Dizziness, appearance in sight «Mushhek» — small black dots, noise in the ears.
  • Sharply upcoming weakness, sometimes in combination with heartbeat.

With a constant deterioration of well-being, it is recommended for several days in a row to measure pressure at the same time. The recorded testimony of the tonometer must be reported to the doctor.

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Hypertension often proceeds almost asymptomatic, and in this its main danger.

How hypertension is diagnosed

Investigation of pressure indicators is done in three ways: independently (self-control blood pressure), clinical ad and daily monitoring of blood pressure (daily blood pressure monitoring). In this case, measurement criteria will be different.

Pressure pressure measurement

At an appointment with a cardiologist or therapist, the blood pressure should be measured twice on the same arm with a 1-2 minute difference. And one additional measurement if the difference between the first two is more than 10 mmHg. The Ad level is the average of the last two measurements. With a single measurement, a decrease or increase in the readings may be episodic (anxious thoughts, recently drinking coffee).Hypertension is registered if, with two visits to a doctor, a tonometer at a twofold dimension shows more than 140/90 mmHg.

To clarify and confirm the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes independent control.

Features of individual clinical situations

In some cases, indicators for independent and under clinical pressure measurement may differ. Discrepancies require special attention, since it is more difficult to determine the presence of pathology.

«Hypertension of White Kolata»

It happens that when measuring the pressure in the clinic, the tonometer stably shows 145/85, while when measuring the house — Not higher than 130/80. This is a typical case «Hypertension of White Kolata» — states when increased indicators are registered only at the doctor's reception. Such an effect is called pressor reaction.

«Hypertension of White Kolata» Most often arises due to increased anxiety in the medical institution, when a person is worried at the doctor's reception, but according to the daily blood pressure monitoring (Daily monitoring of blood pressure) or DMAD (Hell's home monitoring) outside the medical institution The level of blood pressure is controlled adequately. Such a condition may be observed at any age, but it is especially exposed to him by the patients over 60 years old with a persistent increase in systolic blood pressure (isolated systolic hypertension). These patients have asymptomatic lesions of target organs, so they will be examined and, if necessary, prescribe therapy with drugs. «Hypertension of White Kolata» associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and sustainable pressure increase, as well as with increased cardiovascular risk.

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If the risk factors and target damage in patients do not, the doctor will recommend changing lifestyle and regular observation

Masked hypertension

W «Hypertension of White Kolata» There is antipod — Masked hypertension. On the examination in the polyclinic in patients registered normal pressure — less than 140/90 mmHg, — However, independent measurement or daily monitoring record higher rates. The level of risk in this state is equal to sustainable hypertension, so patients are assigned not only research and lifestyle change, but also drug therapy.

To exclude dubious situations and confirm the diagnosis, according to the results of the survey, the doctor will recommend monitoring the state outside the polyclinic.

Measuring pressure at home

With independent control, hell measurements need to do twice a day — in the morning and in the evening. It is important to comply with the rules: the cuff must be selected in size, the hand lies at the heart level, the physical and emotional peace is observed. During the procedure, you can not talk

Optimal time for self-control: in the morning before breakfast, within an hour after waking up (from 06:00 to 09:00), and in the evening — before dinner or at least 2 hours after dinner (from 18:00 to 21:00)

The resulting indicators must be recorded in the table, be sure to point the date and time of measurement. In the terminology of doctors this is called Hell Control Diary. Also in the table may indicate the frequency of heart rate, general well-being, other data. For example, the situation of increasing indicators due to the stress setting is better to record so that the reason is understandable. Independent reception of hypotensive drugs is also preferably celebrated in the diary.

BP Log

Table can be downloaded on the Internet or make yourself. It does not have the approved form, the main thing is that the record has been clear to the doctor

When independent pressure control and dmad is recommended

«Hypertension of White Kolata» In the question (according to the results of 1-2 visits to the doctor).

«Masked» Hypertension as a possible diagnosis.

1 Hypertension Stage — To create a complete status pattern.

High (or so-called high normal) pressure at the doctor's reception at low cardiovascular risk and the absence of targeted organs.

Normal pressure at the doctor's reception in the presence of lesions of target organs and high cardiovascular risk.

Sharp pressure fluctuations on the same reception at the doctor and with different appeals.

Various types of hypotension, or reduced pressure: during daytime sleep, after taking drugs, when changing the position of the body from horizontal to vertical.

Suspected preeclampsia in pregnant women.

Suspicion of resistant (poorly combined combination therapy) hypertension.

Term «Cardiovascular risk» Determines the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and their complications. Hypertension – One of the leading risk factors.

Measuring hell in a medical facility gives enough information to diagnose and choose therapy. But in some situations, the doctor may assign 24-hour control using a special device.

Daily arterial pressure monitoring

The most accurate method of diagnosing hypertension — Daily blood pressure monitoring. A cuff with an electronic control device is fixed on the patient's shoulder, which automatically pumps air and fixes the indicators once in half an hour and once a hour at night. Such a study reflects the full picture of the pressure change in 24 hours.

Exact details that give daily blood pressure monitoring:

Daily index — The difference between day and night pressure;

daily rhythm of pressure change;

Pressure level during sleep — if not dropped by 10–20% by mid night, it speaks of a high risk of complications for the heart and blood circulation system;

Dynamics of changes in the early morning clock — The gap from 4 to 10 in the morning is considered a period of the highest recovery. At this time, the sympathetic system that regulates almost all the physiological functions of the body is part of the greatest daily activity mode.

If according to the results of the monitoring, the average daily pressure is 130/80 mmHg Or exceeds these numbers, diagnosed «arterial hypertension» Considered.

Daily monitoring is interesting and from the point of view of studying the lifestyle, as it reveals pressor reactions — The answer of the body on physical activity, emotional stress and other stimuli. For example, harsh pressure lifts during working hours and its stable reduction outside work — Direct indicator of the limit level of stress in specific conditions.

When daily monitoring is assigned

Strong discrepancy between clinical and home dimensions (from 20 mmHg and more).

Suspicion of the night hypertension or increased night pressure — For example, in chronic kidney disease or breathing night delays.

To collect additional data on illness, estimates of the daily rhythm and the pressure change range.

In all situations where home control is recommended, the daily monitoring can be appointed to it — At the discretion of the doctor.

Diagnostics — main

Independent control and daily monitoring of blood pressure — Main in the diagnosis of hypertension. But in addition to them, other types of surveys may be appointed.

Additional studies that a doctor may appoint

General blood test and general urine analysis — To assess the condition of the body.

ECG and ultrasound hearts — To eliminate heart lesions.

Study of creatinine concentration in blood and ultrasound kidneys — To eliminate kidney lesions.

Investigation of blood cholesterol concentration — To identify violations of lipid metabolism, which are additional risk factors.

Inspection of the eye dna — To identify changes in vessels characteristic of hypertension (retinal angiopathy and angiosclerosis).

Ultrasound vessels — To determine the state of the vessels and the presence of atherosclerotic plaques in the arteries.

CT and MRI brain — In suspected brain damage.

In addition to the listed studies, the doctor may also require other data — Depending on the patient's condition. The more information it is, the more precisely the diagnosis and purpose of therapy will be.

The main thing is to remember with hypertension: the higher the pressure, the higher the risk — and vice versa.

If you start the treatment of arterial hypertension on time, the risk of ischemic heart disease decreases by 20–30%, and risk of stroke — By 30–40%. Timely appeal to the therapist or cardiologist, correction of cardiovascular risk factors, the correct selection of drugs and compliance with the recommendations of the attending physician — Golden standard assistance in arterial hypertension.

Posted by Dr.Pressurs in High blood pressure (Hypertension)

How to quickly reduce pressure at home?

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Stable high blood pressure – This is a pathological condition indicating the development of a dangerous disease – hypertensive disease. Arterial hypertension – the most common disease in the world. Without timely treatment, hypertension causes such complications as diseases of the cardiovascular system, renal failure, loss of vision.

The significance of high blood pressure as a risk factor in the development of cardiovascular diseases increases with age.

Normal arterial pressure numbers

Blood movement on a closed circulatory system – This is a joint work of the heart and blood vessels.

Two arterial pressure indicators:

  1. Systolic (upper) pressure is formed during the demolition period of myocardium, when blood from the left ventricle is thrown into the vascular channel.
  2. Diastolic (Lower) Pressure Supported in the vessels in the diastole phase – Heart relaxation period after cutting.

Per unit of blood pressure measurement adopted a millimeter of a mercury pillar (mmHg). This is due to the fact that the first in history the device for measuring blood pressure was mercury, and the result was installed in terms of mercury column. The International Association of Cardiologists has determined blood pressure norm not higher than 130/80 mm mercury pillar.

In a healthy person, arterial pressure changes during the day under the influence of external and internal factors: physical exertion, stressful situations. This is a normal adaptive reaction. In the body there are mechanisms of nervous and humoral regulation, which return blood pressure to the initial level after the termination of the provoking factors.

What pressure is considered high

The provoking factors causing an increase in blood pressure include:

  • At the young age: smoking, addiction to alcohol, drug use, congenital anomaly of renal vessels, vegetative dystonia, pathology of adrenal glands, pituitary.
  • With age in the development of hypertension, the role of obesity is increasing, endocrine pathologies (diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism), diseases of the cardiovascular system, kidneys, in women – Hormonal imbalance in the menopacteric period, neuropsychiatric overload.
  • Atherosclerotic changes of vessels are in the elderly and senile age.

Arterial hypertension is diagnosed at a level of systolic and diastolic pressure to equal or exceeding 140/90 mmHg.

Sustained increases in systolic and diastolic pressure of 5-10 mmHg increase the rate of stroke by 30-40% and heart attack by 25-30%.

Ways to reduce pressure for a long time

At the initial stages of hypertension, the first stage is prescribed therapy with imparceing methods associated with changing the patient’s lifestyle:

  • To give up smoking. Tobaccoing is recognized as one of the main risk factors for the development of arterial hypertension. One repurchased cigarette leads to a sharp increase in pressure, heartbeat increase.
  • Normalization of body weight. Numerous studies have been proved that a decrease in body weight in excess weight or obesity leads to stabilization of pressure.
  • Strengthening physical activity. Recommended regular dynamic physical exercises in the air to 50-40 minutes at least 4 times a week.
  • Reducing salt consumption up to 5 g / day.
  • Limiting alcohol consumption.
  • Compliance with labor and recreation.
  • Balanced diet. Increase in the diet of the shadow of vegetation food, low fat milk products.

While the pressure is raised slightly following the principles of a healthy lifestyle can stabilize pressure at a normal level with minimal drug support or even without drugs.

In progression of the disease, the treatment of hypertension passes using drugs of various pharmacological groups to achieve pressure reduction to normal numbers.

First aid at home with high pressure symptoms:

  1. It is necessary to calm the patient, create it the conditions for physical and emotional rest.
  2. Provide the influx of fresh air into the room.
  3. Quickly bring down the pressure helps breathing exercises: take a deep breath, delay breathing for 10 seconds, die out noisily through the mouth, then make short breaths and exhalations through the mouth for 2 minutes.
  4. Give me a sick Corvalol: 30 drops dissolve in 100 ml of water.

If the attacks are repeated repeatedly, you should contact a doctor to clarify the reason for the increase in pressure.

How to measure pressure

Arterial Pressure Measurement Rules:

Hell is measured when a person is at rest: not earlier than 1.5–2 hours after eating, smoking, drinking coffee and other tonic drinks.

The best position for measuring pressure when a person is sitting on a chair, and the hand on which pressure is supposed to be measured is on the table. A part of the hand to which the cuff is superimposed should be released from the gulling clothes, the muscles are relaxed, since muscle contractions can lead to incorrect results.

The cuff depending on the type of tonometer is superimposed or on the lower third of the shoulder, without reaching 2.5 cm to the top edge of the elbow hole, or on the wrist.

During the tonometer, it is important to observe a fixed posture, not to move your hand, do not talk, do not worry.

For the first time the pressure is measured on both hands. If the difference between the testimony does not exceed 10 mmHg, then subsequent measurements are usually performed on non-working hand – at right-handers on the left, left – on the right. With the difference of indicators more than 10 mmHg It is necessary to measure pressure on the hand where large numbers are fixed.

Measure blood pressure, especially persons who have already been diagnosed with hypertension, must be twice a day: in the morning in an hour after waking up and in the evening before bedtime. The number of measurements in the daytime varies depending on the well-being, if an alarming symptoms appeared, indicating the increase in pressure.

Patients measuring the pressure of the house are recommended to enter results in a special diary. Such monitoring of pressure allows you to control the level of pressure, evaluate the effectiveness of drugs used to reduce the pressure of drugs.

Arterial pressure is measured using a special tonometer instrument.

Apply two modifications of tonometers:

  1. Mechanical
  2. Semi-automatic

Mechanical-type aeroid sphygmomanometers are used mainly in medical institutions, as their application requires certain knowledge and skills. The cuff is superimposed on the shoulder, air with the help of a rubber pear is injected with air, and the tones are listening to the phoneneconoscope.

For home use, it is better to use automatic or semi-automatic models of tonometers.

The semi-automatic tonometer works on the following principle: the cuff is strengthened on the wrist, the air is injected into it with a pear, which will soon be automatically. At the end of the measurement on the scoreboard appears.

For the operation of the automatic tonometer, it is enough to put the cuff on the wrist and press the start button. All other actions occur in automatic mode. Different types of automatic tonometers have been developed: with shoulder cuff, clarid, finger.

Symptoms of increased pressure

Very often the increase in pressure for a long time does not show itself. This is the cunning of hypertension. No wonder the disease got the name «Silent killer» – For many years in the body progresses the pathological process: the heart, vessels, kidneys are destroyed, and a person feels good, so does not appeal to doctors.

Over time, the patient appears fast fatigue, headaches of varying degrees of intensity, reduced performance, sleep disorders. Defeats of target organs cause pain in the heart, impairment of vision, irritability appears, reduced performance.

Signs of high pressure:

  • Hypertensive crisis – This is a dangerous state due to a sharp increase in blood pressure to high numbers (190/120 mmHg).
  • Symptoms of hypertensive crisis:
  • Sharp headache, mainly in the occipital region.
  • Tachycardia, shortness of breath, feeling of air shortness.
  • Nausea, vomiting.
  • Violation of vision.
  • Dizziness.

Attempting to reduce pressure on its own can lead to the development of myocardial infarction or stroke. With the appearance of symptoms indicating high pressure, immediately cause an ambulance and urgently take measures to reduce pressure.

Before the arrival of the brigade doctors:

  1. Put a patient under the back to put pillows.
  2. Pressure control every 15 minutes.
  3. Hot foot bath for blood outflow to lower limbs. For this purpose also apply mustard pieces to the icons of the legs.
  4. Under the tip of the hypotensive tablet – Andipal, Kopoten, Captive.

High pressure prophylaxis

Prevention of increased pressure – Effective method for preventing the development of hypertension and its complications.

Select primary prophylaxis, which is aimed at reducing or complete elimination of risk factors that promote the development of hypertension and secondary (with already existing hypertension), the purpose of which is the prevention of complications in the form of infarction, strokes, kidney lesions and retina.

Maintain normal body weight indicators. BMI – body mass index – This is the result obtained from the division of body weight in kg to human growth in meters, erected into a square. The NORM should not exceed 25.

Arterial pressure control: with hypertension – 2 times a day; with randomly single episodes – 1 time per week. Performing measures to prevent pressure increases will prevent the development of vascular complications, improves the quality and life expectancy of a person.

Posted by Dr.Pressurs in High blood pressure (Hypertension)

What Lowers Blood Pressure at Home

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Hello, dear readers. More and more often young people are facing the problem of high blood pressure. And before this issue concerned only quite elderly people, with few exceptions. The fight against hypertension has become a national task in some countries of the world. Therefore, everyone should know what lowers blood pressure at home (pills, herbal tinctures, diet). Unfortunately, everyone has to deal with this problem. What is blood pressure? Blood pressure is a measure of the force with which the blood pushes against the vascular wall. Blood pressure usually refers to the pressure of blood in the arteries (arterial pressure, or BP). When you have high blood pressure, it is important to know how to lower your blood pressure quickly and effectively at home.

Blood pressure has a double meaning:

  • the maximum rate (systolic) when the cardiac muscle contracts, forcefully ejecting blood into the bloodstream;
  • It is the minimum (diastolic) reading recorded when the heart muscle relaxes before the next powerful contraction.

This is the order in which they are listed. Blood pressure, like air pressure, is measured in millimeters of mercury.

In a normal adult, this index varies within small limits: the lower value can be from 80 to 90, and the upper – from 120 to 130.

A blood pressure of 140(150)/90 is already considered excessive. According to modern concepts, however, the optimum pressure is not higher than 120/80.

A reading of 130/90 indicates a prehypertensive state. For adolescence, the optimal reading is 130/80. This is due to the fact that the heart grows too fast compared to the development of the vascular system.

Symptoms of high blood pressure:

  • ✔ Tinnitus.
  • ✔ Occipital pain.
  • ✔ Dizziness.
  • ✔ Heartache.
  • ✔ Blurred vision, darkening of the eyes.
  • ✔ Nausea, gagging.
  • ✔ Nasal bleeding.
  • ✔ Shortness of breath.
  • ✔ Reddening of the skin of the face and upper chest.

Hypertension (high blood pressure, hypertension) can develop smoothly. Then the person experiences minor malaise, gets tired quickly, and sleeps worse.

These signs of a developing disease may be lost in the background. But sometimes these symptoms don't occur at all.

Then the only way to detect a prehypertensive state is to take regular BP readings. This is exactly what doctors recommend to do.

How to decrease the pressure quickly and effectively.

If you notice an increase in blood pressure, you should not ignore it. The cause of this condition and the presence of concomitant diseases (cardiac, vascular, diabetic, renal) are important.

The degree of pressure increase should also be taken into account.

Grade 1 – the upper reading is 140-160 mm Hg.

2 st. – 160(180)/100(110) mm Hg. Article.

3 st. – From 180/110 mm Hg.

There are several ways to lower blood pressure:

  • ✔ Pharmacological medicines.
  • ✔ Alternative remedies.
  • ✔ Massage, gymnastics, breathing exercises.
  • ✔ Change your diet.

Everyone should know how to reduce the pressure at home quickly and effectively. What medicines and folk methods to use.

How to lower blood pressure at home.

If you have symptoms of high blood pressure, you should first make sure by measuring your blood pressure. If this is not possible, one should act on the assumption that the values are nevertheless elevated.

Lie down or assume a semi-reclining position. Loosen the chest – take off loose clothing, unbutton the buttons, and loosen the tie. The patient needs fresh air. If the pressure spiked or the patient feels unwell, call an ambulance without delay. Do not disturb the patient and exacerbate the situation. Pull yourself together and calm the victim. If necessary, use sedatives (motherwort, valerian, etc.). If you have severe pain behind your chest, take nitroglycerin, one tablet. Place a hot water bottle between your calves. If the pressure does not bother the patient and the readings are not too much higher than normal, it is better to avoid taking any medicine. It is enough to take relaxation measures, prevent mental and physical overload, avoid salty and stimulating drinks in the diet, do not forget about the usefulness of daily physical exercise.

What lowers blood pressure at home.

If the non-pharmacological treatment does not give the expected results, you should switch to pharmaceuticals. Only your doctor should prescribe them.

The tablets.

It should be remembered that the treatment regimen that is effective for one hypertensive person can be absolutely contraindicated for another. So, there is no need to follow the pseudomedical advice of acquaintances, who offer very effective drugs for lowering blood pressure. And you should not recommend your drugs to other hypertensives.

Hypotensive drugs are divided into two main subgroups. The first includes drugs that are taken to relieve acute conditions.

The second group of drugs refers to the means that help maintain normal BP. They are taken for a long time.

This includes inhibitors, adrenaline blockers and calcium antagonists. To the first subgroup, respectively, belong all other hypotensive drugs.

Drug groups.

Diuretics, or diuretics (furosemide, triphas). ACE inhibitors (monopril, perindopril). Adrenaline blockers – alpha and beta-blockers (pyrroxan, concor). Calcium antagonists, or calcium channel blockers (verapamil, diltiazem). Sartans, or angiotensin-II receptor blockers (losartan, telmisartan).

In addition, antihypertensive drugs have a weak antihypertensive effect (no-shpa, papaverine, papazole, magnesia, spasmalgon).

Their advantage is that these drugs have relatively few contraindications and side effects.

Antispasmodics are used as adjuncts to normalize high blood pressure.

Products.

Some foods can affect the body in a way that lowers blood pressure. Therefore, those who want to normalize its inflated values, it is recommended to add the following components to the daily diet:

– Lemon is able to improve the condition of the vascular walls, increasing their elasticity, prevents the formation of cholesterol plaques;

– Cinnamon is a useful spice, which contributes to the expansion of blood vessels, should be used in moderation;

– Garlic is a natural vasodilator and reduces blood pressure when used daily;

– Ginger has an invigorating effect, relieves spasms and relaxes the blood vessels.

Beet will help to cope with high blood pressure. But you should know that you should not drink freshly squeezed beet juice. If you decide to cook it, let it rest for a few hours. Do not drink more than 100 g of the beverage per day. It is useful to eat beets with honey, mixing them in equal proportions.

It is impossible not to note the usefulness of pomegranates and pomegranate juice to combat hypertension. These products have a beneficial effect on the vascular walls, improve blood composition, tone up, make up for the lack of vitamins and minerals.

The amount of fruits and vegetables eaten should be increased. They contain vitamins, potassium and magnesium, which are necessary for normal functioning of the cardiovascular system.

Also in the diet should be present lean fish, dietary meat, dairy products, honey, nuts, cereals, greens.

What is not allowed for high blood pressure?.

Keep in mind that over-salted food can provoke a spike in blood pressure. Therefore, you should avoid pickles, pickles and other salty foods, especially chips, store-bought crisps, salted seeds, nuts, fish, lard, smoked meats, sausages, etc. п.

Fats, especially those of animal origin, are also harmful. Spicy foods should also be set aside.

Drinks that have a stimulating effect, should also be discontinued. This includes not only coffee and alcoholic cocktails, but also strong tea.

The same applies to bitter chocolate, chocolate cream and other confectionary products with cacao. Emphasis should be placed on unsalted and purified mineral water. But the amount of fluids should be rationed, especially if there is a kidney disorder.

Drinks that lower blood pressure.

One way to lower the blood pressure without medication is to drink some beverages.

Cocoa. This delicious drink has a restorative effect, promotes the production of endorphin compounds, has a beneficial effect on the circulatory system. But you should not abuse cocoa, because it contains caffeine and can cause overexcitation of the nervous system and another spike in BP. Green tea. An excellent beverage that has a diuretic effect, tones up, reduces the hypertensive symptoms. Do not use strong brew, it may negatively affect the blood pressure. Carcade. It is a floral tea that strengthens vascular walls and regulates their permeability. It is a natural diuretic and antispasmodic agent, which is the basis of its hypotensive effect. Beware! Should not be taken with a stomach ulcer, high acidity and tendency to allergies. Beet juice. Cannot be used as a fresh, it needs a long period of sedimentation. The drink helps to relax the blood vessels. It is recommended to take it in small amounts (no more than 50 ml at a time) mixed with other juices (carrot celery, cucumber). The share of beet seeds must be several times less. Watermelon seeds infusion. Seeds (2 tsp. л.) are put in a glass of boiling water and infused until the water cools down. Drink 20 minutes before a meal several times a day as a diuretic. Watermelon seed powder can also be used for the same purpose. The seeds are dried and ground beforehand. It is enough to take 0.5 hours per day. л.

Massage.

Massage treatments increase blood circulation, relieve cramps, contribute to the elimination of edema, promote relaxation. All this helps to reduce the load on the heart, to relieve or even relieve the attack, prevent the occurrence of another pressure spike.

The effect is made on the cervical and collar zone. You can also massage the chest area and the scalp. You can also give the massage yourself, but it is more comfortable if you let a professional masseur or at least someone close to you do it.

Begin by stroking. Gradually increase the pressure. Avoid soreness. Do not apply too much pressure. You should be especially careful with the spine. Also you should be very careful if there are moles and warts in the massaged area.

Stretch the neck-collar area and then release the tension by stroking. After this the upper chest area can be massaged. You should not act so vigorously.

The treatment should preferably be completed by a light treatment of the back of the head. It is stroked, then gently massaged. It is permitted to move the scalp in order to improve blood circulation and stimulate the nerve endings. Each area is massaged for several minutes.

Exercise.

A complex of exercises should be coordinated with a doctor or physical therapy instructor. The load must be rationed. Exercise Examples.

To begin, use walking in place. Swinging the arms, bending and unbending, raising them above the head, and rotating them are useful. Focusing on abdominal breathing. Place your hands on your stomach. When breathing in, the abdomen is protruded, and when breathing out, the abdomen is retracted. In sitting position tense the buttocks muscles one by one, then roll from one buttock to another. Lying on the back, make serpentine oscillations of the whole body with a small amplitude. In the same position, bend the knees and slowly pull them up to the head, then straighten them. Turn over on your stomach and raise your legs one by one.

How to lower blood pressure by breathing.

Specific breathing movements affect the nervous system, changing the neuroregulatory function of the body.

The basic principle: inhale, a short pause, and slowly exhale through a ringed mouth. It should not be performed for a long time to avoid dizziness.

The back should be straightened, the shoulders apart. Also practiced is the diaphragmatic type of breathing (abdominal breathing), described above.

The exercise can be modified by pressing a tennis ball or a plastic bottle to the chest with the chin.

You can try another way to normalize the pressure. Lie on your back with your feet raised high on the wall or closet.

Breathe calmly and evenly, concentrating on breathing movements. This will help to calm down and ensure the outflow of venous blood from the extremities.

How to reduce the pressure when pregnant.

The situation in this case is complicated by the fact that many drugs are contraindicated. To normalize the blood pressure is recommended:

– Water with lemon and honey;

– Active rubbing of the earlobes, especially the lobes;

– Place socks soaked in vinegar solution and wrap feet in clingfilm.

Folk remedies.

Water. Wash your face with warm water. Apply a hot-water bottle to the collar area or the calves. Leeches. Vinegar compresses and wraps for feet. Vinegar diluted 1:1 with water. Herbal decoctions.

Herbs for lowering blood pressure.

Decoctions of yarrow, valerian, motherwort, hawthorn, rosehip, mint, calendula or their mixtures will be suitable. Drink in the form of a tea of pleasant saturation several times a day.

For coffee addicts, the alternative to this unhealthy coffee will be chicory. It tones and has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system. Stevia can also help to bring down blood pressure.

Consult with your doctor before beginning herbal therapy. Some drugs and broths can not be taken in parallel.

Posted by Dr.Pressurs in High blood pressure (Hypertension)

Scientists prove: petting pets lowers blood pressure

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Many people get pets. Taking care of a dog or cat is time-consuming, but there is a positive benefit to having an animal living in the apartment. Touching a pet can benefit the health of the household, especially those suffering from heart and vascular disease.

What are the benefits of petting a pet

To get a few positives, you need to touch your pet. Here are a few things that will improve the well-being of the pet owner.

If you pet a dog, cat or rabbit, you can get a lower blood pressure. And it’s really true. A new study by Tombola found that petting a dog or any other animal for as little as 15 minutes has an excellent ability to lower blood pressure by 10 percent.

Scientists believe that petting a live animal releases serotonin, oxytocin, prolactin and even reduces the stress hormone cortisol. It makes you feel better and reduces stress and anxiety. And serotonin increases a person’s mood in general.

Which animals are best to touch

The study also found that even traditionally stiff animals, such as turtles, had the same effect. But for blood pressure to really go down, it’s the living thing that needs petting, not the toy. Furry animals also greatly reduced people’s anxiety.

Many people had no idea that pets can do so many health benefits. After all, time spent with them has a positive effect on people suffering from hypertension.

Pets brighten up loneliness

A study in a nursing home found that its residents feel less lonely when spending time with dogs or cats. The fact that pets can’t talk may even be helpful. After all, it means they won’t judge people, so you can talk to them about different topics. For lonely people, pets are great conversationalists.

Posted by Dr.Pressurs in Blood pressure

5 diseases that you confuse high pressure

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Davleniye

Determine whether you have a normal blood pressure, not so simple. Comfortable, or «working», Pressure for everyone. Some feel perfectly at standard 120/80. Other norm will be 100/60 — and for them 120/80 will be already elevated. In general, it is believed that a person suffers from high pressure if it «Stepped» Marker at 130/80. And numbers in 180/120 and above — This is already a reason to immediately apply for medical care.

Increased pressure often flows without symptoms or with very lubricated symptoms. That is why hypertension is often called «quiet killer». Until half of people who go high pressure, just do not notice it. Those who have any manifestations of hypertension, may experience headaches, weakness and dizziness, chest pain, breathing problems, hear «heart beat» in ears.

Reduced pressure also often does not give any symptoms. In general, hypotension is less dangerous than hypertension — If no low pressure manifestations are bothering, then such a state can be considered the norm. However, sometimes a decrease in pressure provokes dizziness, weakness, nausea, a man pale leather, hung hands and feet.

As you might notice, some signs of increased and reduced pressure coincide, therefore, determine the violation of pressure «approximately» almost impossible. And the best way to understand whether you have manifestations of hypertension or hypotension, — Just measure the pressure tonometer.

However, there are our pitfalls here. First, you need to measure your pressure over a certain period (including when you feel good) to calculate your «workers» norm. Secondly, it is advisable to make several measurements and take the average. Blood pressure is very sensitive to different changes in the inner and external environment, so the numbers on the tonometer can fluctuate — For example, if you are nervous, the position has changed sharply, hot tea drank before froze and so on.

When it is not pressure

Suppose you have already found out that they are prone to hypertension or hypotension. And once again, you have symptoms that happen when problems with pressure, but there is no tonometer at hand. Or, suppose you managed to measure pressure, but it looks normal. What reasons for bad well-being should be eliminated before running drinking coffee or antihypertensive agents?

Stress headache

After a long day at the computer you have «Stunulo» the head of the head, got the head, and you thought that the reason for — pressure? Is not a fact — It is possible that it’s just a headache of voltage. Such pain arises from the overvoltage of the muscles of the neck and shoulders, mostly if you are sitting in an uncomfortable posture. Bilateral pain, does not pulsate, and in principle this pain is quite tolerant. Often even enough to warm up and change body position. If you came out on fresh air, walked, made gymnastics and lightweight neck and shoulders, after which the pain passed — Most likely, it was not connected with pressure, but with excessive tension of muscles.

Reduced glucose levels

Symptoms similar to signs of increased or reduced pressure, may occur in hypoglycemia — Simply put, reducing blood sugar levels. It is usually believed that the blood glucose concentration may dramatically fall only in people who suffer from diabetes, but it is not. In a healthy person, a low level of glucose can say that too much time has passed since the previous meal. Also drop sugar can provoke alcohol or some medicines.

Hypoglycemia is manifested by weakness and dizziness, difficulties with concentration, headache, chills or high sweating. Similar to «pressure»? And how! In hypoglycemia there is one characteristic symptom — strong, possibly unbearable hunger. In addition, a man with a reduced level of glucose in blood sharply deteriorates the mood. So try instead of a conventional cup of coffee or green tea that you are trying to raise «pressure», eat chocolate or sandwich. Or at least add to your drink a couple of sugar spoons.

However, if hypoglycemia arises with you too often, it is still worth passing blood test for sugar to exclude diabetes. And it is also better to check the level of the glycated hemoglobin — This indicator reflects the average blood sugar concentration over the past few months and will help «to catch» Prediabetic state.

Anxiety disorder

Unpleasant condition similar to «pressure», may occur with alarming disorders — Especially with generalized anxiety and panic attacks. General symptoms of all disturbing disorders include dizziness, rapid heartbeat, nausea. A person feels shortness of breath and difficulty breathing, he has a little, sweat or frustrate the limbs. With panic attacks, there may also be pain in the chest, serious weakness on the verge of fainting and feeling that the heart knocks in the temples and now stop.

Increased anxiety is connected with the fact that the body reacts too much to stress, throwing out redundant amount of adrenaline into blood. He, in turn, can also cause accelerated heartbeat, and increase pressure. However, problems in this case are not with a heart and pressure, but with a nervous system. In the event of alarming disorder, the symptoms need to be removed not by drugs from pressure, but by sedative: when it is possible to take control of the stressful reaction, high pressure and other symptoms will be held by themselves.

Infection

Some infectious diseases proceed almost without symptoms, and their manifestations can be easily recorded on poor health associated with pressure. For example, when infected with a variety of herpes, cytomegalovirus or Epstein-Barr virus, weakness may occur, chills (due to a slightly elevated temperature), the pain in the head and muscles.

If this is true was a simple herpes virus, then after a day, you will find the rashes on the lips (or on the genitals, in the case of genital herpes). With other infections, no external symptoms may not be at all, so the reason for the sluggish state will remain a riddle for a long time.

So those who are tormented by the symptoms for a long time «Pressure», But the mother-in-law and coffee do not help, it is worth passing tests for hidden infections.

Hypothyroidism

Manifestations of hypoteriosis — Reduced thyroid function — Largely similar to the symptoms of hyper- and hypotension. And mostly we are talking about sluggish well-being and constant weakness. Also in people with hypothyroidism, as well as those who suffer from low pressure, the skin will be shuffle, hung hands and legs.

But those whose thyroid gland works poorly, there are additional symptoms. For example, they are gaining overweight and can not reset it. Their skin dries, they lose hair. Many are faced with constipation, women have a menstrual cycle, and monthly becomes more painful. Also, severe irritability may appear in patients with hypothyroidism, depression develops. If letness and weakness, you have a long time, perhaps it is not a pressure, but in the level of hormones. It is worth passing analyzes with which the function of the thyroid gland is estimated, and, if necessary, begin hormonal therapy.

Posted by Dr.Pressurs in High blood pressure (Hypertension)

What can not, but what can be in elevated arterial pressure

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More than a billion residents living on our planet, one way or another, are associated with hypertensive disease. Ozerchan — not an exception. But some of them do not even suspect this, approves the doctor therapist of the Ozersk CRH Ksenia Kupriyanov: «Hypertension – Dangerous disease, deadly. But you can and you need to fight. It is important to know what the diet should be, from which it is worth refuse, and what loads are permissible. If you comply with all the recommendations, the disease will not progress and the state will gradually improve».

What is useful in hypertension What is harmful
Long stay outdoors Salt, oily, acute and salted food, flour products
Morning charging to improve blood circulation Alcohol and smoking destroy vessels
Respiratory relaxation Low-effective sedentary lifestyle
Drug Herbers Normalizing Blood Pressure Heavy exercise (bodybuilding, endurance run, marathon running)
Omega3, potassium and magnesium, raw juices of vegetables and fruits Stress, Psychological Loads, Bad Sleep

For those who have infrequent pressure, you need to be attentive! It is better to change your lifestyle to prevent the development of a pillar of hypertension and deal with it all life.

What is banned by hypertensive

When it comes to elevated human pressure, then all doctors converge in the opinion that first of all needs to be monitored. It is also important to correct your lifestyle and properly distribute rest and work.Tedirrex.Ndjana Porsche MacAnquarters about m. Tsaritsyno. Discounts!Project Declaration on the Advertising site

  1. It is necessary to refuse (or minimize) from oily food, alcoholic beverages, coffee and strong tea, cook salt, cigarettes, sweet carbonated drinks.
  2. About heavy exercise (bodybuilding and other power workouts) worth forget. It is better to perform gymnastic exercises that are included in the LFC list.
  3. At high pressure it is worth avoiding hiking in a bath, steam and saunas. Any temperature rise will affect heart and vessels.

Nutrition

Balanced diet – This is the main thing that each hypertensive must adhere to. It is important with special care to monitor your weight, since extra kilograms have a load on the heart and vessels.

What is impossible to eat at elevated pressure:

  1. Limit the amount of cook salt to a minimum. Consume no more than 3-4 grams, given the products with sodium.
  2. Strong tea and coffee – prohibited. It is better to drink useful herbal decoctions, chicory and infusion.
  3. Fatty meat should be excluded on the whole course of treatment.
  4. Avoid welded broths in your diet.
  5. Pies, buns, cakes and other baking can aggravate the disease. They are a compound of sugar and fat.
  6. Caviar fish can occasionally add to the diet, but in small quantities, since there is a lot of salt in it.
  7. Such delicacies like honey, jam, compotes, kisins – are limited, but they are not fully refused.
  8. Since the body does not absorb legumes, they need to be introduced into the diet of the minimum quantities.
  9. Alcohol, especially strong, under the ban! It is also worth thinking about quit smoking.

It is important to know at what stage is the disease. If pathology only began to manifest itself, then you should not limit yourself in everything. If the disease is already progressing, then it is for its diet that you need to follow the most careful.

Prohibited sports

Professional sport loads the heart, from which blood pressure can rise. Often, athletes do not even suspect that hypertension begins to develop.

Hypertensive cannot be engaged in bodybuilding, since numerous studies have confirmed that the power loads significantly raise the blood pressure. At the same time, even young novice athletes enter the risk group.

Static exercises also negatively affect the pressure of man, especially if they perform their long period of time. It is better to alternate them with aerobic loads that are well affected on the heart and at the same time normalize weight.

Climate and weather

Stern climate and unpleasant weather can harm the body. Atmospheric pressure and adhesion of humans are interconnected! Hypertensive usually immediately rises as soon as the atmospheric starts falling.

Rains, temperature, air humidity – It all affects the oscillations of cardiovascular patient indicators.

A sharp change of weather negatively affects the state of hypertensive! Choose recreation seats needed with a stable temperature. Anapa is well suited for this with its resorts.

West side – an ideal place to stay to those who suffer from heart disease and vessels. Steppes, forests, mountains will be an ideal solution, since there is no air humidity there is not too high. In the western part of America, the mountain climate is very favorable. There the air is quite clean and at the same time warm, and the weather is practically not changed.

Psychological loads

More than half of patients with hypertension, various psychological and emotional problems are observed. Frequent depression appear, stress and overvoltage.

This may be due to various factors:

  • problems at work;
  • financial difficulties;
  • Psychological injuries;
  • loss of native person and t.D.

With such depressants, the nervous system of states, pressure is usually rising for several tens of units. It may threaten dangerous complications. To restore and calm the nervous system, it is enough to adopt the drug with a sedative action.

To the consequences of psychological states were not dangerous to health, the attending physician must appoint comprehensive therapy. In most cases, this turns out to be antidepressants that stabilize the nervous system and the patient’s psyche.

Bad habits

Eating alcoholic beverages – This is a serious risk factor in hypertension and its consequences. If the patient does not limit himself in alcohol intake, it can lead to sad complications. Drinking always causes hypertensive crisis, leads to brain hypoxia and heart attack.

For hypertension, the norm and the limit per day — 40 grams of red wine!

Some believe that nicotine at elevated pressure can be useful. It removes stress and other emotional states that are dangerous with hypertension. It is a myth! According to medical research, smokers increases the risk of obtaining complications from cardiovascular diseases. Also, experts argue, in many cases it leads to disability or fatal outcome.

Nicotine is able to narrow the walls of the vessels after it gets into blood. In addition, it increases blood cholesterol levels.

What is useful hypertension

To maintain pressure in the norm, a person must be quite often in the fresh air, to carry charging in the morning, eat raw vegetables and fruits. Walking and easy run will also benefit.

It is useful to drink champs and infusions of plants: rosehip, chamomile, black rowan, hawthorn, viburnum. Greens, Vegetables and Fruits in Fresh – must be present in the diet.

The room must be constantly tired to be the influx of fresh air.

Useful food

Products that are useful include in their diet:

  1. Walnuts, spinach, garlic, cereals (buckwheat, oatmeal, wheat);
  2. Cod and sea bass are very useful from the fish;
  3. Any vegetable food (vegetables, berries, fruit);
  4. Meat is allowed to eat only low-fat: chicken, veal, turkey. It is necessary to cook it without oil, and instead of salt, it is better to add some lemon juice and greens (dill, parsley).

It is possible to add vegetable oil, but it is better to give preference to olive.

Fractional food is welcome 4-6 times a day in small portions.

Before bedtime, it is impossible to eat, but you can eat something from vegetables, fruits or drink a glass of kefir.

The best methods of prevention

The best way to avoid serious complications, which arise against the background of hypertension, is to warn the disease itself.

Prevention should include healthy and proper nutrition, refusal of alcohol and smoking, emotional state control and stress management. You also need to engage in moderate exercise (swimming, running, bike, aerobics).

Do not allow excess weight, drink enough water (1.5 – 2 liters per day), not to get involved in salted, fried food, and once a week you can arrange a unloading day.

So that the disease does not develop, you must first adjust your lifestyle and nutrition. Doctors advise in time to go to bed and give up bad habits. If you do not take care of health on time, you will have to take drugs for life, to pass surveys and constantly monitor the pressure so that stroke or infarction does not happen.

Posted by Dr.Pressurs in High blood pressure (Hypertension)