Factors provoking arterial hypertension, features of flow 1 stage

Factors provoking arterial hypertension, features of the flow of 1 degree of illness, forecast

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High blood pressure – One of the common complaints, which voiced patients at the reception at the Cardiologist. The reason for this phenomenon lies in the regular effects of adverse factors per person. Modern resident of the metropolis most of the time is in a state of stress, feeds on harmful products, moves little, has bad habits. The initial stage of the development of dangerous health changes is the arterial hypertension of 1 degree. If a person is confirmed by such a diagnosis, it is necessary to begin treatment, strictly comply with the recommendations of the doctor to comply with preventive measures.

Under what conditions is the diagnosis

The main feature of hypertensive disease is stable blood pressure indicators (AD), equal or exceeding 140/90 mmHg. The main factor of its stable conservation – Change blood flow, reduced speed. Reducing the internal lumen of the vessels contributes to the fact that the heart begins to work intensively, the body is trying to restore blood circulation, as a result, the pressure inside the arteries increases. It is under such conditions "arterial hypertension arises, 1 degree of which is the initial. With it, hell is in the range from 140/90 mmHg up to 159/99 mmHg.

It has been established that pathology at this stage is potentially reversible. That is, subject to the timely start of treatment, the regular correction of the patient's blood pressure can get rid of the hazardous state. But the timely diagnosis is difficult, then as a person does not experience pronounced changes in well-being and does not appeal for medical care.

Causes of the occurrence of risk

For the emergence of arterial hypertension 1 stage there are many prerequisites. The determining reason can be one, and more often a few of the list.

  1. Achieve a certain age. It is believed that the critical frontier for the development of pathologies related to heart activities and the state of blood vessels is 50 years. But sustainable elevated blood pressure may accompany a person before – In men, the disease develops from 40 years of age, women have its signs of signs of Klimaks.
  2. Alcohol and tobacco. Substances that receive people in the process of smoking, harmful, their action leads to the destruction of small vessels, capillaries, reduce the elasticity of large arteries. Such processes lead to the fact that the bloodstream is hampered by hell rises. Alcoholic beverages with regular use in significant doses also lead to blood flow disorders.
  3. Excess the norm of cholesterol. An excess of this substance begins to postpone on the inner walls of the arteries in the form of plaques. When their significant size is reached, the inner clearance of vessels decreases, the blood is progressing on them difficult.
  4. Incorrect nutrition. Fatty food prepared using preservatives and salt provokes an increase in cholesterol and a stagnation of fluid in tissues, internal organs, causes swelling, which cause an increase in blood pressure.
  5. Obesity. Overweight is purchased over several prerequisites – Caloric food, minimum of motor activity, presence of diseases characterized by metabolic disorders. They cause dangerous, provoking hypertension processes – Reducing the elasticity of blood vessels, an increase in blood viscosity, a tendency to the formation of thromboms, impaired heart.
  6. Low physical activity, hypodymna. The neglect of moderate loads leads to the fact that the metabolic processes are important for the qualitative functioning of the cardiovascular system, the lack of important elements is formed in the blood.
  7. Stresses, lack of rest – These factors negatively affect the heart, overvolt it. There is a violation of rhythm, the hormone of adrenaline is actively produced, which provokes the enhanced contracting ability of the organ and increase hell.
  8. Diseases of the endocrine system, diabetes.
  9. Hereditary predisposition. Increased blood pressure can provoke a special structure of the heart, its vessels, congenital diseases of the organs and systems that the child acquires from parents.

Classification of disease

Arterial hypertension of 1 degree has 4 risk groups, each of which has characteristic features. The diagnosis that is installed for patients should have a direct indication of one of them. Risk groups display:

  • the presence of concomitant pathologies;
  • The impact of hazardous factors;
  • Features of lifestyle;
  • The presence of bad habits.

The doctor, if the patient is attributed to one of the risk groups, can determine the relative percentage of the likelihood of complications.

There is a classification by risk groups. It indicates possible complications, which, with high probability, may arise for 10 years of illness:

  • Low, or arterial hypertension 1 degree risk 1 — Complications are expected less than 15% of patients;
  • Moderate, corresponds to arterial hypertension 1 risk 2 — The disease is complicated in 15-20% of cases;
  • tall, other name – Arterial Hypertension 1 Degree Risk 3 — Pathology will be accompanied by complications in 20-30% of people;
  • Hypertension 1 degree risk 4 — Complications occur in 30% (or more) patients, often developing cardiomyopathy with left ventricular hypertrophy.

As a clinical practice shows, arterial hypertension 1 degree risk 2 is the most frequent diagnosis that confirms cardiologists.


Arterial hypertension of 1 degree is rarely accompanied by characteristic manifestations. The patient may complain about different symptoms:

  • the appearance of shortness of breath, difficulty of breathing when performing actions related to the enhancement of physical exertion;
  • edema of the limbs, faces; ;
  • Regular occurrence of headaches;
  • Reducing the amount of urine derived from the body, change its color.


Factors provoking arterial hypertension, features of the flow of 1 degree of illness, forecast

The main feature characteristic of the development of arterial hypertension 1 degree is a sustainable increase in the values ​​of blood pressure with a rare independent decrease in indicators. This feature recommends keeping track – Pressure measurements should be carried out by the patient regularly. Using the tonometer is necessary at the same time (several times a day) within 3-4 weeks. Results required to fix in writing.

To confirm the arterial hypertension of the stage 1, it is necessary to carry out additional diagnostic procedures. These include instrumental examinations, laboratory tests.

In the clinical laboratory, the patient gives blood and urine. Their overall analysis is held. Blood sample is also investigated on the biochemical composition. Important rates are levels:

  • cholesterol;
  • hemoglobin;
  • Sahara;
  • the ratio of trace elements (potassium, calcium);
  • the presence of creatinine;
  • Hematokrit.

Features of the clinic of the clinic with diagnostic equipment, the reserve of time to confirm the diagnosis determine the choice of one or more methods to confirm the disease and associated pathologies. For most patients, it is sufficient to remove the electrocardiogram and decrypt its results, conduct a chest radiography.

To fully assess the state of the patient, consultations of narrow specialists are required – Okulist, endocrinologist, neurologist.


In the treatment of arterial hypertension 1 degree, an integrated approach is necessary. It is possible to normalize the pressure not only with the help of medicine or recipes of traditional medicine, the change in the usual lifestyle of the patient. The unconditional implementation of all the recommendations of the doctor is the basis for high-quality therapy:

  • decline in body weight, for patients with obesity, regardless of its degree;
  • The transition to special food, the menu includes only low-fat products, vegetables, fruits, minimum amount of salt;
  • moderate physical activity is selected individually, taking into account the peculiarities of the patient's health;
  • rejection of bad habits;
  • Exception of stressful situations.

For medication therapy, traditional antihypertensive drugs are prescribed to the patient:

  • calcium channel blockers;
  • beta-andrenoblocators;
  • ACE inhibitors;
  • Sartan;
  • diuretic products.

It should be remembered that any self-medication at elevated pressure is dangerous. Means used for therapy have a plurality of contraindications, have hazardous side effects. Increasing the dosage of medication, the wrong combination of funds can cause significant harm to human health.

Prediction and prevention of the disease

Forecast at the initial stage of illness favorable – Timely competent treatment and prevention guarantee recovery. To prevent the progression of hypertension, you need to prevent its development in time. Preventive actions:

  • constant monitoring of blood pressure;
  • Passage of diagnostic procedures – conducting blood tests (general and biochemical), ECG;
  • physical exertion must be moderate, but regular;
  • Power control and weight normalization.

When the first signs of arterial hypertension 1 degree, it is necessary to immediately apply to the medical institution, to pass the survey from specialist doctors.