First aid for high blood pressure

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A sharp increase in pressure is — a dangerous condition for both a hypertensive person with experience and for a healthy person. When you should immediately call a doctor, what to do before his arrival and how to reduce the risk of a hypertensive crisis, we — tell you in our article.

When to call a doctor

The absolute indication for calling an «ambulance is» — an increase in pressure of more than 160/95 mm Hg. However, in practice, a jump in blood pressure to 140/80 may also be critical for a person, therefore, to assess the situation, it is worth following not only the indications of the tonometer, but also the symptoms, that occur at the same time.

Signs of increased blood pressure:

  • Palpitations.
  • Increased excitability, nervousness.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Redness of the face.
  • Headache and dizziness.
  • Pain in the heart area.
  • Trembling in the hands.
  • Visual impairment.

These symptoms they appear due to the influence of stress or an external factor (physical overstrain, change of weather conditions, food load), which lead to an acute violation of the regulation of vascular tone. As a result, the resistance of the walls of arterioles increases, and it is this spasm that triggers a compensatory increase in cardiac output. In order to supply oxygen to the organs with the same efficiency, the heart contracts more and more often, causing chest pain and shortness of breath.

Together with the unusually high numbers on the tonometer , these symptoms may indicate the development of a hypertensive crisis that requires immediate medical intervention.


A hypertensive crisis is not necessarily accompanied by critically high blood pressure figures

Other indications for calling a doctor:

  • Sudden leap HELL happened for the first time in my life.
  • Drugs that stopped such attacks earlier do not help (within an hour from the moment of repeated administration).
  • Other symptoms of increased blood pressure were joined by chest pain, which extends to the left half of the body (neck, arm, head).

What to do with high blood pressure before the doctor arrives

  1. To relieve the load from the heart, it is necessary to take a horizontal position or sit down with your legs down.
  2. Provide fresh air and release the chest from pressure. To do this, open the window and unbutton (take off) clothes with a tight collar.
  3. Normalize the respiratory rhythm or just breathe deeply, trying to abstract from discomfort or pain. This will not reduce the pressure,, but it will help to maintain sufficient oxygenation in conditions of oxygen starvation, and also will not allow anxiety and panic to increase. Important: anxiety conditions aggravate the increase in pressure.
  4. Provide blood pressure monitoring, by measuring it every 15 minutes, and record the readings of the tonometer.
  5. You can lower your legs into a basin with hot water, alternatively put mustard plasters or a hot compress on the calves, — this will ensure blood flow to the lower extremities and can alleviate the general condition.

What to take with high blood pressure

A patient with hypertension should take pills, that usually stop the attack. The time of taking and dose of the drug is better to record — all the data on medications and the dynamics of blood pressure should be recorded if an ambulance call is required. In case the pressure it has risen for the first time, medications will be prescribed by a doctor.


The doctor should be informed of the name of the drugs taken, their doses and intervals between doses.

How to prevent an increase in pressure

Frequent reasons for the increase Blood pressure, apart from stress and individual characteristics of the body, are detrenirovannost of the body (decreased endurance, strength indicators, muscle turgor and resistance of the cardiovascular system), excess salty and fatty foods in the diet, alcohol consumption, smoking and improper daily routine. In order to prevent the development of episodic jumps in blood pressure, and hence hypertension, it is necessary to abandon bad habits and adhere to simple rules of a healthy lifestyle.

«Healthy Pressure Rules»

Follow a healthy diet: limit pastries, fatty meat products, refined oils and coffee in the menu. Mandatory for the health of the cardiovascular system is a sufficient amount in the diet of fiber, seafood, cereals, as well as sources of vitamins B, C, P.

Get enough sleep. During a night's rest, the nervous, cardiovascular and endocrine systems restore the correct rhythm of work. An overworked body is working at the limit of its strength. It has been proven that lack of sleep for just one hour for five years increases the risk of hypertension by 37%.

To introduce into the diet a sufficient amount of «cardiac» trace elements — potassium and magnesium, which help the heart and blood vessels remain elastic, contribute to slowing the development of atherosclerotic plaques and reduce the risk of blood clots, ensure the conduction of nerve impulses in the heart and regulate the metabolism in the myocardium.

In the presence of hypertension, secondary prevention is necessary, aimed at preventing the progression of the disease and preventing the occurrence of complications. It includes two components: antihypertensive (drug) therapy prescribed by a doctor, and non-drug treatment of hypertension, a — number of lifestyle changes that are recommended for all patients with hypertension.

Lifestyle of patients with arterial hypertension

Non-drug methods of hypertension treatment help to reduce blood pressure, reduce the need for antihypertensive drugs and increase the effectiveness of the latter. By following the basic recommendations for lifestyle changes, risk factors can be adjusted and primary prevention of hypertension can be carried out even in patients with high normal blood pressure.