High blood pressure pills: the most harmless

High blood pressure pills: the most harmless

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Frequent rise in blood pressure is a sign of serious diseases. To exclude the development of complications, many patients have to take medications from hypertension throughout life.

Pharmacological market offers a large variety of tablets from high blood pressure. However, many of them have side effects. In this article we will analyze the safest medications from high blood pressure.

What are the properties of drugs for heart and blood vessels?

  • improve the efficiency of the heart muscle;
  • Reduce the load on the heart;
  • Normalize heart rate, blood pressure;
  • thin the blood;
  • promote tissue regeneration;
  • Saturate the heart with oxygen;
  • normalize metabolism in the myocardium, the contractility of the heart muscle.

Classification of drugs for pressure

  • ACEs (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors). Inhibit the production of angiotensin (a substance that has a vasoconstrictor effect). Dilate the arteries, reducing blood pressure.
  • ARBs (angiotensin II receptor blockers). Inhibit those receptors that angiotensin binds to, widening blood vessels and lowering blood pressure.
  • Calcium antagonists. Prevent calcium ions from entering vascular and myocardial (heart muscle) cells, preventing contraction mechanisms. Relaxes arteries, causing them to increase in diameter and decrease BP.
  • Diuretics (diuretics). Normalize BP by removing excess fluids and salts from the body. Loop diuretics are prescribed primarily in inpatient settings.
  • Beta – Adenoblockers – Influence the production of hormones that increase heart rate. Normalize heart rhythm by affecting the sympathetic nervous system and blood pressure levels.

Side effects of blood pressure pills

Any medication, no matter how good quality and expensive, can lead to side effects. Some unwanted effects, such as various allergies, cannot be prevented.

Children, the elderly, pregnant women, people with liver or kidney problems are at risk of side effects.

Side effects of different groups of drugs:

  • Diuretics – Dehydration, electrolyte balance disorders, decreased blood pressure, arrhythmias, photosensitivity, allergies.
  • Beta – adenoblockers – bradycardia, vertigo, migraines, worsening circulatory insufficiency, decreased BP, nausea, bronchospasm, heart block, sleep disorders, depression.
  • Calcium antagonists – bradycardia, AV blockade, decreased BP, angina, dizziness, hot flashes, tinnitus, runny nose, abdominal pain, nausea, edema, constipation.
  • ACE inhibitor – Dizziness, hypotension, weakness, tachycardia, dry cough, shortness of breath, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, rash, angioedema, pruritus, asthenia, visual impairment, electrolyte imbalance, appetite loss.

New Drugs – safest

New-generation hypertension drugs cause fewer side effects and are the safest.