How to avoid diabetes?

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Diabetes mellitus is a disease in which the metabolism (fats, proteins, carbohydrates), as well as the level of normal glucose (sugar) in the blood is disturbed. The pathological process develops due to a lack of the hormone insulin, which is responsible for getting glucose into the tissues. The pancreas, and more specifically its beta cells, is responsible for the production of the hormone.

How to avoid diabetes?

Preventive measures to avoid diabetes should begin as early as possible. Nutrition and lifestyle are important. A complete cure from diabetes is possible, but it will require long-term treatment, so it is better to know how to avoid diabetes .

How to avoid diabetes: basic rules.

One of the main preventive measures is considered to be the observance of accurate water balance. The pancreas, in order to neutralize the body's natural acids, must produce, in addition to insulin, an aqueous solution of the element bicarbonate. If there is a lack of water in the body, the synthesis of insulin slows down, and bicarbonate, on the contrary, accelerates.

Additionally, the excessive content of refined (white sugar) in the daily diet becomes a dangerous factor. In order for glucose to properly and quickly penetrate the cells, enough water is required.

Therefore, doctors who tell how to avoid diabetes, patients pay special attention to the consumption of sufficient fluids according to the individual needs of the body and the environment.

A minimum necessary for every person: 1-2 glasses of still water after waking up and one before each meal.

Other drinks, juices, tea and coffee, and especially alcohol, do not count.

For those who want to know how to avoid diabetes, you need to pay close attention to proper nutrition. Potatoes and flour products should be limited. If there is a risk of falling ill, it is strictly forbidden to eat sugar, because it severely stresses the pancreas. Attention should be paid to slow carbohydrates.

Their main representatives are leafy vegetables, legumes, and cereals. Those who are overweight, it is advisable to limit the consumption of dairy and meat products, baked goods. The last meal should be no later than three hours before going to bed.

An important item in the list of "how to avoid diabetes" is considered the addition of a number of foods in the diet each day:

Tomatoes; various greens; citrus fruits; walnuts; beans; bell peppers; rutabaga.

To avoid diabetes, you need to exercise your body as regularly as possible with moderate physical activity. In this way, muscle fibers will be toned and fat cells burned. Such prevention will strengthen the cardiovascular system, improve immune protection, get rid of excess weight or prevent its appearance. It is enough to give exercise or light exercise for 10-20 minutes a day.

Useful habits to avoid diabetes will be:

active outdoor games; replacing the use of the elevator with stairs; walking in the city or parks; for short distances, using a bicycle instead of public transportation.

An important part of a healthy lifestyle and the prevention of many diseases is the absence of stressful situations. Anxiety, stress, depression negatively affect the entire body. The cardiovascular system is particularly affected. When the blood pressure rises, it leads to a malfunction in the metabolism of carbohydrates. Bad habits like alcohol and smoking should also be abandoned.

Use of hormonal drugs is considered a risk factor, which, if taken over a long period, can disrupt metabolism, as well as create an additional load for the internal organs. The pancreas is one of the first to suffer.

Early diagnosis of the pathological process and health monitoring is very important. At the first signs of diabetes or genetic predisposition to it, you should immediately consult a doctor.