How to quickly reduce pressure at home?

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Stable high blood pressure – This is a pathological condition indicating the development of a dangerous disease – hypertensive disease. Arterial hypertension – the most common disease in the world. Without timely treatment, hypertension causes such complications as diseases of the cardiovascular system, renal failure, loss of vision.

The significance of high blood pressure as a risk factor in the development of cardiovascular diseases increases with age.

Normal arterial pressure numbers

Blood movement on a closed circulatory system – This is a joint work of the heart and blood vessels.

Two arterial pressure indicators:

  1. Systolic (upper) pressure is formed during the demolition period of myocardium, when blood from the left ventricle is thrown into the vascular channel.
  2. Diastolic (Lower) Pressure Supported in the vessels in the diastole phase – Heart relaxation period after cutting.

Per unit of blood pressure measurement adopted a millimeter of a mercury pillar (mmHg). This is due to the fact that the first in history the device for measuring blood pressure was mercury, and the result was installed in terms of mercury column. The International Association of Cardiologists has determined blood pressure norm not higher than 130/80 mm mercury pillar.

In a healthy person, arterial pressure changes during the day under the influence of external and internal factors: physical exertion, stressful situations. This is a normal adaptive reaction. In the body there are mechanisms of nervous and humoral regulation, which return blood pressure to the initial level after the termination of the provoking factors.

What pressure is considered high

The provoking factors causing an increase in blood pressure include:

  • At the young age: smoking, addiction to alcohol, drug use, congenital anomaly of renal vessels, vegetative dystonia, pathology of adrenal glands, pituitary.
  • With age in the development of hypertension, the role of obesity is increasing, endocrine pathologies (diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism), diseases of the cardiovascular system, kidneys, in women – Hormonal imbalance in the menopacteric period, neuropsychiatric overload.
  • Atherosclerotic changes of vessels are in the elderly and senile age.

Arterial hypertension is diagnosed at a level of systolic and diastolic pressure to equal or exceeding 140/90 mmHg.

Sustained increases in systolic and diastolic pressure of 5-10 mmHg increase the rate of stroke by 30-40% and heart attack by 25-30%.

Ways to reduce pressure for a long time

At the initial stages of hypertension, the first stage is prescribed therapy with imparceing methods associated with changing the patient’s lifestyle:

  • To give up smoking. Tobaccoing is recognized as one of the main risk factors for the development of arterial hypertension. One repurchased cigarette leads to a sharp increase in pressure, heartbeat increase.
  • Normalization of body weight. Numerous studies have been proved that a decrease in body weight in excess weight or obesity leads to stabilization of pressure.
  • Strengthening physical activity. Recommended regular dynamic physical exercises in the air to 50-40 minutes at least 4 times a week.
  • Reducing salt consumption up to 5 g / day.
  • Limiting alcohol consumption.
  • Compliance with labor and recreation.
  • Balanced diet. Increase in the diet of the shadow of vegetation food, low fat milk products.

While the pressure is raised slightly following the principles of a healthy lifestyle can stabilize pressure at a normal level with minimal drug support or even without drugs.

In progression of the disease, the treatment of hypertension passes using drugs of various pharmacological groups to achieve pressure reduction to normal numbers.

First aid at home with high pressure symptoms:

  1. It is necessary to calm the patient, create it the conditions for physical and emotional rest.
  2. Provide the influx of fresh air into the room.
  3. Quickly bring down the pressure helps breathing exercises: take a deep breath, delay breathing for 10 seconds, die out noisily through the mouth, then make short breaths and exhalations through the mouth for 2 minutes.
  4. Give me a sick Corvalol: 30 drops dissolve in 100 ml of water.

If the attacks are repeated repeatedly, you should contact a doctor to clarify the reason for the increase in pressure.

How to measure pressure

Arterial Pressure Measurement Rules:

Hell is measured when a person is at rest: not earlier than 1.5–2 hours after eating, smoking, drinking coffee and other tonic drinks.

The best position for measuring pressure when a person is sitting on a chair, and the hand on which pressure is supposed to be measured is on the table. A part of the hand to which the cuff is superimposed should be released from the gulling clothes, the muscles are relaxed, since muscle contractions can lead to incorrect results.

The cuff depending on the type of tonometer is superimposed or on the lower third of the shoulder, without reaching 2.5 cm to the top edge of the elbow hole, or on the wrist.

During the tonometer, it is important to observe a fixed posture, not to move your hand, do not talk, do not worry.

For the first time the pressure is measured on both hands. If the difference between the testimony does not exceed 10 mmHg, then subsequent measurements are usually performed on non-working hand – at right-handers on the left, left – on the right. With the difference of indicators more than 10 mmHg It is necessary to measure pressure on the hand where large numbers are fixed.

Measure blood pressure, especially persons who have already been diagnosed with hypertension, must be twice a day: in the morning in an hour after waking up and in the evening before bedtime. The number of measurements in the daytime varies depending on the well-being, if an alarming symptoms appeared, indicating the increase in pressure.

Patients measuring the pressure of the house are recommended to enter results in a special diary. Such monitoring of pressure allows you to control the level of pressure, evaluate the effectiveness of drugs used to reduce the pressure of drugs.

Arterial pressure is measured using a special tonometer instrument.

Apply two modifications of tonometers:

  1. Mechanical
  2. Semi-automatic

Mechanical-type aeroid sphygmomanometers are used mainly in medical institutions, as their application requires certain knowledge and skills. The cuff is superimposed on the shoulder, air with the help of a rubber pear is injected with air, and the tones are listening to the phoneneconoscope.

For home use, it is better to use automatic or semi-automatic models of tonometers.

The semi-automatic tonometer works on the following principle: the cuff is strengthened on the wrist, the air is injected into it with a pear, which will soon be automatically. At the end of the measurement on the scoreboard appears.

For the operation of the automatic tonometer, it is enough to put the cuff on the wrist and press the start button. All other actions occur in automatic mode. Different types of automatic tonometers have been developed: with shoulder cuff, clarid, finger.

Symptoms of increased pressure

Very often the increase in pressure for a long time does not show itself. This is the cunning of hypertension. No wonder the disease got the name «Silent killer» – For many years in the body progresses the pathological process: the heart, vessels, kidneys are destroyed, and a person feels good, so does not appeal to doctors.

Over time, the patient appears fast fatigue, headaches of varying degrees of intensity, reduced performance, sleep disorders. Defeats of target organs cause pain in the heart, impairment of vision, irritability appears, reduced performance.

Signs of high pressure:

  • Hypertensive crisis – This is a dangerous state due to a sharp increase in blood pressure to high numbers (190/120 mmHg).
  • Symptoms of hypertensive crisis:
  • Sharp headache, mainly in the occipital region.
  • Tachycardia, shortness of breath, feeling of air shortness.
  • Nausea, vomiting.
  • Violation of vision.
  • Dizziness.

Attempting to reduce pressure on its own can lead to the development of myocardial infarction or stroke. With the appearance of symptoms indicating high pressure, immediately cause an ambulance and urgently take measures to reduce pressure.

Before the arrival of the brigade doctors:

  1. Put a patient under the back to put pillows.
  2. Pressure control every 15 minutes.
  3. Hot foot bath for blood outflow to lower limbs. For this purpose also apply mustard pieces to the icons of the legs.
  4. Under the tip of the hypotensive tablet – Andipal, Kopoten, Captive.

High pressure prophylaxis

Prevention of increased pressure – Effective method for preventing the development of hypertension and its complications.

Select primary prophylaxis, which is aimed at reducing or complete elimination of risk factors that promote the development of hypertension and secondary (with already existing hypertension), the purpose of which is the prevention of complications in the form of infarction, strokes, kidney lesions and retina.

Maintain normal body weight indicators. BMI – body mass index – This is the result obtained from the division of body weight in kg to human growth in meters, erected into a square. The NORM should not exceed 25.

Arterial pressure control: with hypertension – 2 times a day; with randomly single episodes – 1 time per week. Performing measures to prevent pressure increases will prevent the development of vascular complications, improves the quality and life expectancy of a person.