If there is no tonometer, what features indicate high pressure?

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Blood pressure during the day can increase or decrease, returning to normal values. So our body responds to various life circumstances: stress, excitement, sports or vacation. However, there are situations where pressure rises sharply.

How to understand that it jumped if there is no tonometer at hand? Whether the headache only talks about it?

Characteristic signs of high pressure

Immediately note that all the following signs can be as a symptom of increased blood pressure and other diseases. If you have repeatedly come across them, they grow up, do not pass, must be asked for advice to the doctor!

Headache

It is often possible to hear that a sharp headache is considered the main sign of increased blood pressure, as a rule, in the field of the nape (sometimes in temples). However, it can not always arise. Arterial hypertension is not just called «silent killer». The disease proceeds asymptically for a very long time, which means that the person himself is not knowing (if, of course, it does not use a tonometer from time to time), walks with high pressure. As a result, the body gradually adapts, and even steadily high values ​​do not cause discomfort, including headaches.

– A person reacts with headaches only to change the pressure, both in the case of its strong increase and decline,

– If a person has consistently high readings, such as 160/100 mmHg, he or she will not feel it. However, if the values increase even more and even if they decrease to standard values of 120/80 mmHg, the person will feel unwell.Headache can also be a symptom of reduced blood pressure.

Memory deterioration

High blood pressure affects memory and mental activity. Such people are quickly tired, tired. Due to high pressure, small artery of the brain suffer, it is worse than bloods1. This, in turn, leads to a change in the normal function of the brain, which contributes to the loss of memory and provokes other disorders (for example, stroke).

Impairment and appearance «Mushhek» before your eyes

With a sharp leap of blood pressure, vision may decrease, the so-called black flies appear in the eyes. Many write off these symptoms on age-related changes or manifestations of other diseases.

When the pressure rises sharply, the spasm of the vessels occurs, in which certain sections of the eye are experiencing a deficiency of oxygen, which leads to the appearance of flashes «Mushhek». When normalizing indicators, these symptoms disappear.

Hardness participation

Changes heart rate (sometimes people describe their feelings «heart is beating» or «The heart is broken»). The rapid pulse, which is good forgiven with a slight press, indicates an increased arterial pressure.

Increased sweating

If you do not suffer hyperhydrosis, severe sweating may talk about a sudden increase in blood pressure. Often it is accompanied by such symptoms like numbers of hands, face, language, rapid pulse, shortness of breath, heart pain. As a rule, with a decrease in pressure to normal values, the increased sweating passes.

In addition, symptoms associated with the reaction of the human vegetary-seeking system may appear on a sharp rise in pressure:

  • redness / pale skin;
  • frequent urination (every 5 minutes);
  • acute diarrhea;
  • Feeling temperature;
  • nausea;
  • hand shakes;
  • wet and cold hands;
  • noise in ears.

What to do if there is no tonometer

Of course, exact values ​​can show only a tonometer. However, in emergency cases, you can use the following method. It is necessary to take a convenient posture, lean your back on the back of the chair, relax. Then grumble the pulse on the wrist, to calculate the number of blows in 30 seconds. The result must be multiplied by two. If cardiac frequency is less than or equal to 60 — Blood pressure lowered, 60−80 beats per minute — Norma, more than 80 — Increased. In addition, if during the measurement you felt that the pulse is well felt, its rhythm is quite rapid, most likely blood pressure is increased. CHH listens poorly, interrupted — It is below normal.

IMPORTANT! Without accurate blood pressure measurement, the tonometer does not need any antihypertensive drugs.