Prevention and treatment of hypertension

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Hypertension is a state of the body when the blood vessels constantly experience an increased blood pressure: the systolic blood pressure is equal or higher than 140 mm Hg and/or the diastolic blood pressure is equal or higher than 90 mm Hg.

A diagnosis of hypertension is made if their systolic blood pressure is equal to or greater than 140 mmHg on both days and/or their diastolic blood pressure is equal to or greater than 90 mmHg on both days, as measured on two different days. The danger of this condition is the risk of damage to the heart or blood vessels in other organs, such as the brain and kidneys.

Uncontrolled hypertension can lead to heart attack, enlargement of the heart, and eventually heart failure. Blood vessels can develop enlargements (aneurysms) and vulnerable places where blood vessels are more likely to clog and rupture. Blood vessel pressure can lead to cerebral hemorrhage and stroke. Hypertension can also lead to kidney failure, blindness, and cognitive impairment.

Hypertension has been called the "silent killer.". Most hypertensive patients are not even aware of the problem, because hypertension often gives no warning signs and is asymptomatic.

We offer all to use the medical program Cardiodiagnostic to assess the condition of your cardiovascular system and to get consultations of all necessary specialists.

Risk factors for hypertension

Stress, mental and mental overwork

Studies show that hypertension is more likely to people whose life activity is connected with constant nervous overstrain. For example, residents of large metropolitan areas have hypertension much more often than people who live in rural areas.

Hypertension and stress are inextricably linked, so both conditions need to be treated.

Every fourth man and every fifth woman in the world has high blood pressure

Studies show that hypertension is more common in people whose life activity is connected with constant nervous overstrain. For example, the inhabitants of large metropolitan areas have hypertension much more often than people who live in rural areas.
Hypertension and stress are inextricably linked, so treat both conditions.

Complications of hypertension cause 9.4 million annual deaths worldwide (WHO)

Hypodynamia

Hypodynamia – is a decrease in muscular exertion due to sedentary lifestyle. The modern urban dweller does little physical work, prefers to use motor transport even for short distances instead of walking, and spends his/her free time near a computer or watching TV. Only 1% do recreational sports and 5% do morning exercises.

As a consequence, this lifestyle leads to significant changes in all life-supporting systems of the body, especially the cardiovascular and nervous systems.

The combination of physical inactivity and stress makes people extremely vulnerable to hypertension and its complications. The adrenaline produced during stress stimulates the production of glucocorticoids, which in turn stimulate a rise in blood sugar and an increase in blood pressure.

In a restless body, adrenaline and sugar, instead of being "burned" by the release of energy, remain in the blood vessels for a long time and lead not only to a prolonged high blood pressure, but also to heart attacks and strokes.

Overweight

To determine whether or not you are overweight, the body mass index is used. It is calculated as the ratio of body weight in kilograms to the square of the height in meters. If the result is more than 25 kg/square kilograms per square meter.m in the young and 27 kg/sq m.m in older individuals, but does not exceed 30 kg/sq.m , it means that overweight is. If the index is more than 30 kg/square kilograms per square meter, the body mass index is calculated as the sum of the body weight in kilograms per square meter.In the case of hypertension, we are talking about clinically pronounced obesity.

More than half of hypertensive patients are obese.

Obesity is a chronic metabolic disease in which there is an accumulation of excess fat in adipose tissue.

Numerous scientific studies have proved that the reduction of excessive fat mass by 5-10% leads to a decrease in high blood pressure, and improve control of the disease.

Other risk factors

Unhealthy diets – excessive salt intake, high levels of saturated fats and trans fats in food, inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables. As well as tobacco and alcohol use.

Uncontrollable risk factors include hereditary predisposition, age, and comorbidities such as diabetes or kidney disease.

Preventing Hypertension

Every adult should monitor their blood pressure. In cases of high blood pressure, consult a physician.

People with high blood pressure who also have high blood sugar, high blood cholesterol, or kidney problems are at increased risk for heart attack and stroke. Therefore, it is important to regularly check blood sugar levels, blood cholesterol levels, and urine protein levels.

To minimize the risk of developing high blood pressure and its adverse effects, everyone can take a number of specific steps:

Mental balance

Mental wellbeing and a positive emotional state are the prerequisites for good health. Which is especially important for hypertensive patients or those predisposed to develop it, t.ะบ. Illness is directly related to inadequate stress response.

You should learn to manage stress in healthy ways, such as meditation, different kinds of psychotherapy and positive social contacts.

Physical activity

The second component of hypertension prevention is sufficient physical activity, without which we all suffer, in varying degrees, from the manifestations of hypodynamia.

For an urban dweller walking for at least 1 hour every day in a forest park area is optimal.

Patients with an already manifested disease should engage in therapeutic exercise.

Rational alternation of work and rest should be observed. Overwork of any type, both mental and physical, should be avoided.
A healthy physiological sleep, in which the body rests from all strain, is of great importance. Patients at the initial stage of hypertension should sleep at least 8-9 hours a day.

Healthy nutrition

In the prevention of hypertension, a proper diet or diet in clinically pronounced forms of the disease is of great importance.

Carbohydrates

Here you should give preference to vegetables and fruits, as it will receive a sufficient amount of fiber, vitamins and minerals.

Protein

When choosing proteins, avoid or limit meat products in favor of dairy and plant foods.

The total fat intake should be reduced. Try to replace animal fats with vegetable ones., Animal fats should be replaced with fish fats.

The cure for patients with hypertension can be a diet with a restriction of table salt. Not more than 5 grams (little less than a teaspoon) per day is allowed, which makes it easier to control blood pressure.

Maintain a normal weight

Reducing excess weight or treating obesity is the main factor that can lead to a satisfactory control of blood pressure and even in some cases to abandon the medication correction of the latter.

An effective means for the normalization of weight is diet therapy and different types of physical activity.

Giving up bad habits

If a person is inclined to drink alcohol in large doses, smokes, then the risk of hypertension increases many times.

Alcohol consumption promotes spasm of peripheral blood vessels and an increase in pressure due to the growth of vascular resistance.

After smoking the level of cholesterol increases, which is caused by the adrenal glands receiving a large amount of adrenaline and noradrenaline. There is even a medical term – nicotine hypertension.

Physical methods of preventing the development and exacerbations of hypertension

Hydrotherapy

Hydrotherapy (hydrotherapy) – a powerful means of recovery, prevention and treatment of hypertension. Water can affect the body as a temperature, mechanical, or chemical stimulus, and the choice depends on the need for one or the other.

The temperature factor is the most important in the choice of hydrotherapy technique. The capillaries in the skin expand and contract in response to the various temperatures of the water. This either increases blood flow or decreases it. Cold water also slows or speeds up the heartbeat and raises the blood pressure. Hot water lowers your blood pressure, speeds up your heartbeat, and weakens your heartbeat

The most frequently used to prevent exacerbations of hypertension is water of indifferent temperature, which is shown with excessive nervous excitability, irritability, heart disorders, insomnia.

Hydrotherapy procedures are contraindicated in hypertensive stage III disease.

Before using water procedures as a treatment should consult a doctor.

In hypertension stages I-II use rain, dust and circular shower with indifferent or warm water with moderate force of pressure of water jets.

Baths can be general and local, with hypertension, they are used for therapeutic and preventive purposes. Medicinal baths for hypertension are limited to the use of pine extract.

Drug electrophoresis

It is an application of galvanic current for the purpose of intrathecal, non-invasive administration of various medicines. Under the influence of galvanic current, drug ions enter the skin and remain below the anode area, which creates a kind of a drug depot. The drug enters the bloodstream from them slowly enough, which increases the duration of its effect on the body. The body is also affected by the positive effects of galvanic current.

Electrophoresis is indicated in the initial stages of hypertension. It is contraindicated in stage III.Besides, contraindications are new growths, acute inflammatory processes of any localization, disorder of blood coagulability processes, strongly pronounced atherosclerosis, decompensated diseases of cardiovascular system, kidneys, pregnancy, individual intolerance of galvanic current.

Therapeutic exercise (LFK)

Therapeutic exercise is used at all stages of hypertension to prevent hypertensive crises and complications of the disease. It includes any available types of exercise – metered walking, morning gymnastics, walking distance, swimming.

The best method of prevention is morning gymnastics or exercises that help to prepare the organism for the working day, stimulates the processes of the nervous regulation of blood circulation and the reactivity of the vascular system in general.

If the disease has already developed, it is necessary to add to morning exercises a daily complex of therapeutic gymnastics.

Drug therapy

Selection of drugs for the treatment and prevention of exacerbations of hypertension should be performed only by a doctor.

Drug therapy becomes necessary already in the second stage of the disease, when the blood pressure reaches significant values in the regular measurement of.

The basic principle is Individual The selection of hypotensive drugs for each patient.