Several simple tips How to reduce blood pressure and be healthy

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Arterial hypertension – One of the most common chronic diseases of modernity. Currently in UK about 40% of the population suffer from arterial hypertension. Many patients have arterial hypertension for a long time can proceed asymptomatic, without affecting overall well-being. With many years of the course of this disease, the body gradually adapts to high pressure, and human well-being can be relatively not bad. At the same time, elevated blood pressure has an adverse effect on the blood vessels and internal organs: brain, heart, kidney. This often leads to such serious complications as stroke, ischemic heart disease (angina), myocardial infarction, heart and renal failure.

Remember! Arterial hypertension – chronic disease that constantly and steadily progresses in the absence of treatment. However, this disease can be monitored! To effectively reduce the blood pressure and risk of cardiovascular complications, it is important to regularly take medicines and maintain a healthy lifestyle.

What to do when discovering increased blood pressure?

When an increase in blood pressure is detected, it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor to identify the cause of the disease and determining the tactics of treatment.

Remember! In no case should not engage in self-medication. You can not listen to the advice of acquaintances and relatives that suffer from arterial hypertension and to use the same medicines that they accept. Since the cause and course of the disease each person is different, then the treatment for some can be useful, and for others it is useless or even harmful. Only a doctor can determine the necessary tactics of therapeutic measures for each patient.

What is it necessary to start treatment of increased blood pressure?

In order to prevent the emergence or progression of already available hypertension, it is necessary to reduce body weight, abandon some of the bad habits, such as smoking, alcohol abuse, excessive use of salt.

Proper nutrition and exercise is the basis of treatment, but still the patients with pressure decreases, but remains above the safe limits, what to do in this case?

Take hypotensive drugs – Drugs reduced blood pressure.

When you need to start a constant reception of tablets?

If the arterial hypertension is stable (that is, it does not decrease independently) within 2-3 weeks, despite the restriction of salt, proper nutrition, exercise classes, the decrease in the height of the blood pressure remains above the safe level – 140/90 mmHg. It is necessary to begin a permanent reception, selected by a doctor of hypotensive drugs.

With what pressure you need to constantly take tablets?

If your pressure is mainly above 140/90, let it even be 150/95 and especially if periodically there are pill crises already need to be taken. The principle of treatment of arterial hypertension is that against the background of drug intake, the level of blood pressure did not go beyond the limits of normal values, the service station creates conditions for the normal functioning of all vital organs and body systems.

What is the purpose of permanent admission of hypotensive?

Always have safe pressure levels and crises. Permanent method of hypotensive – the only effective prevention of crises.

Remember! Arterial hypertension is a chronic disease and, like all chronic diseases require constant and continuous treatment. Termination of drug intake inevitably lead to a relapse of the increase in blood pressure and the development of complications.

Remember! It is not easy to be treated to be treated, but to have pressure at a safe level – 140/90.

What a drug is needed?

You need to answer this question only with your doctor. Currently, for the treatment of hypertension, there is a large arsenal of medicines, dining in 5 groups of drugs. Each of these groups has its own contraindications, the peculiarities of the appointment depending on the concomitant diseases, age and T.D

Groups of antihypertensive drugs

I Group – Beta Blockers

Atenolol, metoprolol, Bisoprolol, Betaxolol

Group II – calcium antagonists

Nifedipine, Amlodipin, Lercanidipine, Felloodipin, Nitrondipin

III Group – ACE inhibitors

Captopril, Enallil, shifted, lysinopril, foznoid

IV Group Blockers AT receptors

Lozartan, Valsor, Eprosartan, Telmisartan, Olmertan, Azilsartan

V Group – Diuretic

Remember! Only a doctor can prescribe medicines and determine their dosages.

What these drugs act?

The factors on which the level of blood pressure depends, the main of them are already familiar to you: spasm (narrowing) of vessels, strengthened heart work, fluid delay. Let’s talk about this a little more.

From which the level of blood pressure depends?

Conditionally cardiovascular system can be represented as a closed system consisting of crane, tanks and connecting tubes. Imagine that the crane performs the function of the heart, the arterial tube, and the tank is the whole body supplied with blood.

What factors are allocated and how to affect them?

  • If the crane is flicker under pressure, then the pressure in the pipe will increase; Here you need beta blockers.
  • If you reduce the lumen of the pipe, then the pressure will also increase; Pipe clearance increase calcium antagonists, ACE inhibitors, AT receptor blockers.
  • If you increase the amount of fluid in the tank, the pressure in the system will also increase; On this factor may affect the diuretic.

Who solves the issue of the group of the drug?

The doctor, taking into account the peculiarities of your body and other factors, makes a decision with which group of drugs should begin treatment.

How he decides the question of dosage?

Typically, treatment starts with the smallest dose. You take it within 5-7 days and control the pressure in the diary Hell should be measured at least 2 times a day, preferably in the same clock). It usually decreases a bit. After 5 days, the dose increases and again within 5 days you continue control of pressure. It will decrease a little. If the hell did not become 140/90, then the dose continues to gradually increase until the hell does not reach the safe limits.

And what to do if the pressure still does not reach the safe limits?

If the dose of the drug is brought to the maximum allowed, and the pressure has not reached 140/90 mmHg, then the doctor has 2 possibilities. First – cancel this drug and assign another from the same group or another group. The second is to reduce the dose of this drug and add a drug from another group.

How long does the selection of the scheme continues?

It depends on the reaction of your body to hypotensive. Sometimes very fast. Sometimes you have to try different and different options until the main result is reached – 140/90 mmHg.

What is required from you when selecting a dose?

Understanding the goals of this joint work with a doctor’s doctor – reaches pressure not higher than 140/90 mmHg and normal life without vascular complications.

Regular measurement of blood pressure and diary. Without this, the selection of a dose turns into self-deception.

Can a doctor choose the desired scheme without your participation?

Never. He takes any decision only, focusing on the reaction from hell. This reaction can be seen only from diaries. Without knowledge of your daily pressure testimony, it is impossible to take the right decision.

Do I need to quickly reduce hell?

If we are talking about a planned selection of treatment, then no. Many years have lived with elevated pressure numbers. Its rapid decline can be contrary to the deterioration of well-being.

What to do after you have achieved safe pressure – 140/90?

Continue the same way of life (proper nutrition and physical exertion) and the reception of a selected hypotensive scheme.

What will happen if you stop taking tablets?

Pressure will begin to rise again, sometimes even in the form of a crisis.

What prevents regular receiving tablets?

One of the frequent reasons – forget to take pills. To do this, there is a dental brush rule – put a tablet next to the toothbrush, cleaned my teeth and drank pills.

What side effects have hypotensive drugs?

Each of antihypertensive drugs may have a side effect.

The probability of the appearance and severity of the side effect depends on the dose: how it is higher, the most likely the risk of side effects – That is why the doctor strives to appoint optimal doses of drugs.

The frequency of the development of the side effect and its severity may vary in various groups of drugs.

Remember! With the appearance of any new symptoms or unpleasant sensations against the background of drug intake, consultation is needed.

Can you express your wishes for the hypotensive, which you will be recommended?

You can and must.

What kind of wishes?

  • At first, Multiplicity of reception. There are tablets that need to be taken 1 or 2 times a day, and there are those you need to take 3 or 4.
  • Secondly, No side effects. If you have already taken some pills and missed them badly, tell me a doctor about it.
  • Thirdly, price. There are effective, convenient for reception with low-actions. Preparations. But the cost of them is higher than similar drugs that are inferior to them by individual items. It makes no sense to start treated with costly pills if you are subsequent cannot be used to apply. Although you always need to remember that there is nothing more expensive health.
  • Fourth, Control efficiency. You can pick up a few schemes, calculate the cost of one day of treatment, to compare which of them more efficiently and choose the decision that you prefer.

What is best to reduce the cost of treatment?

Proper nutrition and exercise. These factors can reduce blood pressure by 10-20 mmHG. If you do not hold them, then you will have to pay for extra pills.

Remember that the most expensive is health. It is better to spend money on the control of blood pressure now when you do not have complications and there is an opportunity to earn them than a much longer amount later, when they appear and lose you opportunities to work.

Remember! Treatment – The process, its success depends on the doctor, and from the patient himself, as well as the characteristics of the drug, its tolerability and side effects. Therefore, the knowledge of the essence of the disease, its main reasons, factors affecting its development and the course, which is the component of the treatment complex. This is an important step towards keeping health.