carrot juce

Features of the use of carrots for diabetes

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When it comes to diabetes, many people believe that eating carrots can be part of the solution. Studies have shown that carrots are indeed good for your health, but many believe they can be even more effective for people with type 2 diabetes, a condition in which blood sugar levels are too high.

carrot juce bunny

In a recent review of carrot research, the British Medical Journal reported that some scientists have examined the effect of drinking carrot juice on blood glucose levels, blood lipids, and blood pressure. Based on their research, they found that some studies suggested that drinking carrot juice or eating carrots lowers blood glucose levels, blood lipids, and blood pressure. Link – https://www.bmj.com/content/370/bmj.m2194

In the endocrine disorder diabetes, it is important for patients to monitor glucose levels in the body. A special diet for diabetics includes foods with a low glycemic index, such as carrots. The article will consider questions: what are the benefits of the root vegetable, as well as in what form and in what quantity it can be consumed by diabetics with type 2 disease.

Did you know?

Carrots as a remedy are mentioned in the works of the great physicians of antiquity: Hippocrates and Dioscorides (military doctor).

Chemical composition and benefits of carrots in the disease

The main problem of diabetics is the lack of vitamins and minerals in a strict diet, which is recommended to them by the doctor.

Carrots are rich in many beneficial elements that have a positive effect on patients’ health:

  • Vitamin A (retinol) – one of its functions is to neutralize toxic forms of oxygen in the blood, the concentration of which increases with diabetes. Retinol is a participant in many vital processes: cell growth, strengthening the body’s defenses, production of sex hormones. Patients often have vision problems: reduced acuity, the destruction of retinal cells. Retinol – one of the elements that prevent this.
  • Beta-carotene is an antioxidant that inhibits free radicals, lowers cholesterol and cleans blood vessels. The element supports the heart muscle, which becomes more stressed with diabetes. Beta-carotene inhibits the development of diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma, and fibrous detachment.
  • B vitamins – are responsible for oxidative processes in the body, vitamin metabolism, energy production, nerve impulse transmission, glucose reduction, lipid and protein metabolism, fatty acid synthesis.
  • Fiber – cleanses the body of residues not digested food, reduces cholesterol and blood sugar, improves bowel function, reduces the acidity of the stomach, reduces hunger, which allows you to adjust the weight.

Minerals such as manganese; chromium; and zinc play a crucial role in the synthesis of insulin and enhancing its action. Manganese supports the liver and zinc supports the pancreas. Chromium reduces cravings for sweets and makes it easier to tolerate the diet. The content of sugars in the root vegetable per 100 g is 4.74 g and the caloric value is 35 kcal/100 g, which allows it to be consumed daily.

In what form is preferable to use

The main task in the treatment of the disease is to avoid an increase in insulin resistance. To do this, and prescribe a diet that includes products with a glycemic index (GI) not exceeding 69 units. The GI, in simple terms, is a measure of the property of carbohydrates in foods to change blood glucose levels. The higher the GI, the higher the glucose level. It should be taken into account that the GI in the raw product is lower than after heat treatment.

The glycemic index of carrots:

  • raw – up to 30 units;
  • thermally processed – about 85 units.

This does not mean that the boiled or stewed root vegetable is completely excluded from the menu, just that it should be eaten less often and in small portions, not more than 100 grams per day. To reduce the GI, the root vegetable is not shredded for processing, leaving it in large pieces. More benefit, according to the reviews of nutritionists, brings a baked vegetable, and cooked with the skin. You can eat two small root vegetables a day. The most useful are dishes of raw root vegetables dressed with any vegetable oil, which allows for better absorption of retinol.

Important: Frequent consumption of foods with a GI above 70 may cause a critical rise in glucose levels.

What meals can be cooked

When cooking carrots should be combined with products with low GI, not more than 45 units. At the same time you should not dress salads with fatty sauces, lean yogurt or vegetable oil (olive, sunflower, flaxseed, sesame oil) are ideal for this.

carrot salad

Sesame Salad

Salad with sesame is better dressed with nonfat yogurt, as the grains already contain vegetable oils. Sesame is useful because it reduces the risk of atherosclerosis, strengthens bone tissues, increases the elasticity of muscle fibers and contains healthy fatty acids. GI seeds – 35 units. and a day is not desirable to eat more than 12-15 grams.

With nuts and sour cream

For a salad with sour cream, you should take a nonfat product, preferably 15%. Walnuts, despite their high caloric content, contribute to weight loss, if you consume them in small handfuls, instead of a snack. At high sugar levels walnuts significantly reduce its level and increase the body’s sensitivity to insulin. The product with regular use reduces the amount of harmful cholesterol, improves memory and brain function, endocrine system function. The glycemic index is 15 units, you can eat up to 60 g per day.

With apples

Apples contain a lot of fructose and glucose, hence the question: are they so useful for diabetics, do not increase the sugar index.

Important: Only sour or sweet and sour apple varieties with green rinds should be eaten with any type of diabetes.

The amount of sugars in sour fruits is much lower, and with reasonable consumption (1 fruit per day) there will be no harm. The benefit is expressed in the coarse dietary fiber, which “sweeps out” toxins, decay products of drugs that have accumulated in the body and aggravate the course of diabetes. The GI of an apple is about 30 units.

With seaweed

Seaweed, or kelp, is one of the most included products in the diet of diabetics. The seaweed contains iodine, which is necessary for the normal functioning of the endocrine gland in large quantities. The product stimulates the natural production of insulin in the body, prevents thrombosis and stabilizes glucose levels. The glycemic index of seaweed is 22 units.Sea kale and carrot salad

Puree

Mashed carrots are made from raw, cooked or baked root vegetables. Mashed from a thermally processed product is undesirable to eat more than 3 times a week. Mashed carrots should not be eaten in large quantities, but they can be eaten more often.

Carrot juice for diabetes

Juice should only be consumed freshly squeezed. Unlike pulp, it does not contain coarse dietary fiber, so it is absorbed more quickly. The juice has a high concentration of vitamins, particularly retinol. But it’s recommended to drink it not more than 150 ml per day, and preferably diluted with water.

Freshly squeezed juices are good for our health and beauty, including carrot juice for diabetes. Only it is necessary to remember that in diabetes, carrot juice is drunk without adding honey or sugar. It provides nutrition with a high concentration of minerals and vitamins necessary for the body. But grapes in diabetes, especially red grapes in diabetes, although they are also rich in nutrients, are contraindicated because of their higher content of carbohydrates.

Adding carrot juice to your diet for diabetes will add few calories, as its ½ cup serving contains only 40 calories. If you compare it to an orange drink, a similar serving has 56 calories. In addition, a serving of carrot juice has virtually no fat and contains 9 grams of carbohydrates. Such products with low carbohydrate content can be safely included in your diet.

In just one hundred grams, carrot juice contains 13 different vitamins, including 19124 IU of vitamin A, 15.5 µg of vitamin K, 9.9 g of choline and 8.5 mg of vitamin C. Also 12 minerals, including 24 mg calcium, 292 mg potassium, 29 mg sodium, 0.6 µg selenium and 14 mg magnesium. It also contains beta-carotene, alpha-carotene and photochemical compounds useful in diabetes.

A powerful antioxidant, vitamin A reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and “bad” cholesterol levels. In addition, vitamin A helps improve vision and protects the eyes from infections. It is also good for the health of the skin, mucous membranes of the mouth and teeth.

Only to prepare it at home without a juicer or blender will be difficult. For example, you can make a carrot drink by adding celery, broccoli or tomatoes, which can be quickly blended in a blender. Freshly squeezed carrot juice for diabetes is considered safe if it is added to your diet according to your carbohydrate limit.

Possible contraindications

Carrots in large quantities can bring harm to children and people with impaired liver function, because the organ can not cope with the processing of carotene. Frequent consumption of the root vegetable can stain the skin with a yellow hue.

Excessive amounts will lead to such painful symptoms:

  • headache;
  • loss of appetite;
  • vomiting;
  • diarrhea;
  • drowsiness;
  • loss of strength.
  • Carrots for diabetes

The root vegetable should not be eaten with the following conditions:

  • gastric and duodenal ulcer;
  • hepatitis;
  • hyperacidity of gastric juice;
  • acute form of gastritis;
  • inflammation of the small intestine;
  • kidney stones.

Summarizing the above, we can safely say that carrots in the diet of a diabetic is an indispensable vegetable. Thanks to it, you can alleviate your condition, especially in the presence of related diseases, the main thing is to observe the rules and regulations of consumption.

Posted by Dr.Pressurs in Diabetes