Very simple tips for hypertensive patients

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Hypertension is a body condition that causes the blood vessels to experience elevated blood pressure all the time: systolic blood pressure is equal to or greater than 140 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure is equal to or greater than 90 mm Hg.

The diagnosis of "hypertension" is made when, according to pressure measurements made on two different days, the value of systolic pressure on both days is equal to or exceeds 140 mmHg and/or the diastolic blood pressure value on both days is equal to or greater than 90 mmHg.

The danger of this condition is the risk of damage to the heart or blood vessels in other organs such as the brain and kidneys.

How to measure your blood pressure with a tonometer?

There are some simple rules:

  • You should sit quietly for a few minutes before taking the measurement;
  • the cuff should be placed at heart level;
  • take the measurement on both arms and then take it on the arm with the higher pressure;
  • Take regular blood pressure measurements at the same time twice a day. To improve accuracy it is better to take a series of three measurements (this is especially important for people with arrhythmia) at intervals of 3-5 minutes. The lowest blood pressure readings are the most objective;
  • Do not smoke or drink beverages containing caffeine half an hour before the measurement;
  • Measure the pressure at room temperature;
  • You should not move or talk during the measurement.

How you can lower your blood pressure?

Reduce the salt intake to 3-4 g per day

High salt intake is particularly dangerous for the elderly people.ะบ. With age, the ability of vascular walls to produce substances that relax blood vessels decreases, and the heart functions that control water-salt metabolism deteriorate.

Also, an excess of table salt in the diet reduces the activity of lipase-enzymes that break down cholesterol. Thus, the excess salt leads to an increase in the concentration of cholesterol in the blood and the development of atherosclerosis.

Reducing the amount of sodium that comes into the body with table salt reduces the load on the kidneys, has (at first) a small diuretic effect and leads to rapid stabilization of blood pressure.

A similar effect is produced by days off, of which the best is apple day for hypertension.

An apple day involves the use of one and a half kilograms of apples per day without any other nutritional load. One apple day a week on a diet can significantly improve the course of the disease and its control.

  • Apple day, during which the patient should eat 1.5 kg of apples; total calories – 690 kcal per day;
  • cottage cheese and kefir day with the use of ordinary (nonfat) cottage cheese in the amount of 200 g and kefir in the amount of 400 g; total calories – 6990 kcal per day;
  • Kefir day, 1.5 liters of kefir is used; caloric value – 850 kcal per day;
  • cucumber day – 2 kg of cucumbers and 3 g of table salt during the day; calories – 300 kcal per day;
  • Vegetable mixed day, during which the patient eats only vegetables in the form of salads in any combination up to 2 kg, lemon juice is used as dressing; the total caloric value is 450-500 kcal per day;
  • Oatmeal day, when 200 g of oatmeal are boiled in water and 25 g of butter are added to the cooked oatmeal; the total caloric value is 880 kcal per day.

Important: in the initial phase of treatment unloading days on the background of a low-calorie diet is better carried out when reducing the usual physical activity. Elderly patients during this period should switch to bed rest or (if well tolerated) to a half-bed rest regime.

Reduce excess weight

Reducing excess weight or treating obesity is one of the main factors that can lead to satisfactory control of blood pressure and even in some cases to abandon medication correction of the latter.

It is proved that a marked improvement in the course of the disease leads to weight reduction not to the sometimes unattainable norm, but only by 5-10%, which for patients weighing from 80 to 120 kg, is only 4-10 kg on average. This figure is achievable.

Move more and be out in the fresh air more often

Without sufficient physical activity we all, to varying degrees, suffer from the manifestations of hypodynamia. It is optimal for city dwellers to walk and jog daily for at least 1 hour in a forest park area or at least walk as often as possible, without using any transport.

In the regime of the day must include morning exercises or exercises that allow you to prepare the body for the new day: stimulate the adequate processes of the nervous regulation of blood circulation and the reactive vascular system in general, and also promote vigor and good mood, which in themselves are good medicine for a person subjected to frequent stresses.

Avoid stress

Hypertension is a psychosomatic disease, as both the occurrence of high blood pressure and further progression of the disease depend primarily on inadequate response to stress.

One must learn to manage stress in healthy ways such as meditation, different types of psychotherapy and positive social contacts.

Give up bad habits – smoking and drinking alcohol

If a person is inclined to drink alcohol in large doses, smoking, the risk of hypertension increases many times.

Alcohol consumption promotes spasm of peripheral vessels and increases blood pressure by increasing vascular resistance.

After smoking the level of cholesterol increases, which is caused by a large amount of adrenaline and noradrenaline released from the adrenal glands. There is even a medical term such as nicotine hypertension.

Use a spa treatment

Sanatorium complexes have a huge preventive potential and are used in the treatment of many chronic diseases.

Spa treatment for hypertension is possible only if its course is not complicated. As a rule, it is the early stages of the disease (first – beginning of the second). During this period, patients may be treated in a resort area of the Crimea and the Caucasus, with the exception of mountainous areas, and the hot season.

However, most often patients, in addition to hypertension, suffer from meteodependence and poorly tolerate a sharp change in climatic conditions. Therefore, more reasonable is the treatment at local health centers, which achieve greater efficiency of therapeutic procedures, because the patient does not spend time adapting to the weather and climate different from that at home.