Why is your blood pressure high or low?

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Blood pressure jumps can be associated with several reasons, which can only be determined by the attending physician. Based on the specific cause, therapy is prescribed, which should bring the blood pressure readings as close as possible to normal readings to improve the patient’s quality of life. Below we will consider the main factors that influence blood pressure jumps.

Why is the blood pressure high and low?

Reasons for all pressure spikes

A tendency for irregular BP readings may be genetic. Doctors usually attribute such a cause to the peculiarities of the structure of the nervous system of parents, who partially transmit these disorders to their child. The danger of genetic predisposition to the disease is that each generation begins to suffer from the disorder at a younger age.

In addition, the following factors can provoke a disorder:

  • neurotic conditions;
  • prolonged stay in a state of stress and depression;
  • presence of pathologies in the central nervous system;
  • the presence of chronic infections in the body;
  • manifestation of infectious disease in acute form;
  • Consumption of food with a large amount of salt;
  • problems with the heart and vascular system;
  • hormonal disorders;
  • taking heart medications;
  • excessive physical activity;
  • Drinking a lot of water if kidney function is insufficient.

Causes of BP spikes in men

In the stronger sex, this condition is most often associated with smoking and alcohol consumption. Even a small amount of alcohol in the amount of 50-100 grams on a daily basis can lead to the development of pathologies in the cardiovascular system. In addition, due to greater physical activity and hard work, many men consume more caloric and fatty foods, which lead to the formation of atherosclerotic plaques on the walls of veins and arteries. It is advisable in such cases to replace all fatty meats and buns with chicken, lean pork and wholemeal bread.

Why does your blood pressure jump during menopause?

During menopause, about 50-70% of women, according to various statistics, suffer from this pathology. This condition may be due to several reasons that are most acute at this period of a woman’s life.

During the menopausal period, the weaker sex is extremely sensitive to products with high salt content, which leads to fluid retention in the body. In addition, many begin to increase their body weight. Even a slight deviation from the previous weight can trigger the problem.

Hormone therapy worsens the problem during the menopausal period, which can be prescribed to alleviate other symptoms of the condition. As a result, even more disruption of the hormonal background becomes the cause of deterioration of the cardiovascular system, which means that pressure spikes become even more frequent.

Blood pressure spikes during pregnancy

This condition is similar to the menopause, as it is caused by a significant change in the hormonal background. During pregnancy, the woman also becomes too sensitive to spicy and salty foods, which can retain water in the body and worsen the functioning of all body systems. In contrast to the state of menopause during pregnancy, blood pressure spikes can be much more dangerous, since the health of the baby directly depends on the well-being of the mother.

BP surges can be provoked by poor kidney function, as the load on them increases significantly. You should be especially alert when there is protein in the urine, which indicates a dangerous state of the mother’s body and starvation of the fetus. In such situations, inpatient treatment is necessarily carried out, in simpler cases it is allowed to take prescribed medications at home. With surges in BP values from 34 weeks and with a large amount of protein, a woman may undergo an emergency caesarean section.

Blood pressure spikes in IBS

Vascular dystonia is rarely taken into account for BP problems. Meanwhile, a large percentage of adults and young patients suffer from this pathology, which is directly related to disorders of the autonomic nervous system. The pathology can manifest itself systematically, sometimes complicated by crises and panic attacks.

Usually in the presence of blood pressure fluctuations, the doctor will check the kidneys and heart, forgetting about IBS. In such a case, the patient should independently list all the unpleasant symptoms that accompany him not only during the heart rhythm disorder. Chronic runny nose, rhinitis, pharyngitis, headaches, insomnia, nightmares, weakness, nervousness at the same time as blood pressure fluctuations – These are all signs of vegetovascular dystonia.

Is it possible to cure BP spikes without medication?

Usually you can save yourself from taking medication only at the beginning of the manifestation of the pathology. With the average severity of the patient’s condition and with already neglected disease, only traditional treatment can help to completely eliminate the symptoms. But the recommendations described below can significantly improve the well-being even with serious BP spikes. Such advice includes:

  • to give up the use of alcoholic beverages;
  • to give up cigarettes or significantly reduce the number of cigarettes you smoke;
  • To exclude fatty and salty foods from your diet as much as possible;
  • Use only complex carbohydrates, such as those contained in cereals and wholemeal bread;
  • Not to overeat, and this rule also applies to healthy foods;
  • try to reduce your body weight to a normal BMI;
  • give up strong coffee and tea;
  • substantially reduce the amount of salt and sugar in the food intake, even a small reduction in their diet leads to the recovery of the body.

Signs of pathology in the body

You can notice constant BP spikes by a number of characteristic signs, which may change each other depending on the indicator on the tonometer:

  • severe headache or dizziness;
  • Tinnitus and noise may occur;
  • you may experience.. «flickers in front of your eyes» It may be difficult to concentrate on a particular object;
  • There will be heaviness in the chest, and there may be dull, aching, or sharp pain;
  • Feeling of high fever, perspiration, weakness;
  • palpitations, shortness of breath;
  • severe vomiting, nausea;
  • darkening of the eyes, possible loss of consciousness;
  • constant feeling of not getting enough sleep; nervousness;
  • Difficulty with work activities, problems with changing activities.